Kutesa Pushes for UN Security Council Restructuring

The Prime Minister, viagra 40mg Dr Ruhakana Rugunda has invited Kuwaiti investors to Uganda to explore various investment opportunities the country has.

He said Government was committed to supporting investors who were ready to contribute to the economic transformation of the country.

Dr Rugunda made the remarks while receiving the Kuwaiti Ambassador to Uganda, case resident in Addis Ababa and also Permanent Representative to the African Union, Rashed Al Hajri, at the Office of the Prime Minister on Thursday.

The Premier and his guest discussed bilateral relations between Uganda and Kuwait as well as potential investment opportunities in Uganda.

“Uganda would like to see our good relationship transform into practical programmes and projects for the mutual benefit of both countries,” said Rugunda.

He also congratulated His Highness the Amir of Kuwait, Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah for receiving a Humanitarian Leaders’ Award by the United Nations Secretary General, Ban Ki-Moon in recognition of his global humanitarian work.

Rugunda invited the Prime Minister of Kuwait to Uganda to further strengthen the cordial relationship and explore the available investment opportunities.

Amb. Rashed urged Uganda to exploit the available opportunities the Kuwait government offers, such as accessing some of the US$2bn Fund available for bankrolling viable projects in African countries.

He invited the Government of Uganda to submit prospective projects for funding, adding that many African countries had already submitted theirs.

He said the challenge was that many African Countries were not aggressive enough when it came to pursuing investment opportunities.

The Minister of Finance, Planning and Economic Development, Maria Kiwanuka said Government had identified projects for funding under the Public Private Partnership, such as the construction of Government offices on the seven-acre piece of public land at the Nakawa- Naguru housing estate.

Kiwanuka identified other viable projects including infrastructure development in the Albertine region, irrigation schemes, improving agricultural productivity, and petroleum exploration as well as opportunities in the telecommunications sector.

Rugunda and his guest also discussed ways of fast-tracking the establishment of Islamic banking in Uganda.

The Kuwaiti Ambassador was accompanied by Uganda’s Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, Dr. Rashid Yahya Ssemuddu.
Uganda’s Foreign Affairs Minister Sam Kutesa, online who also doubles as United Nations President, pill has pushed harder for structural reforms at the Security Council with the view of making the powerful institution more “representative” of the broader interests of members.

“You will recall that one of the priorities I set for this session is advancing revitalization of the General Assembly and reform of the Security Council,” said Kutesa during a debate at UN in New York on Wednesday.

He pointed out that at the 2005 World Summit, leaders expressed support for reform of the Council to “make it more broadly representative, efficient and transparent and thus to further enhance its effectiveness and the legitimacy and implementation of its decisions.”

Several leaders across the world have previously challenged United Nations to create equitable representation on and increase in the membership of the Security Council.

The Security Council reserves the primary responsibility to maintain international peace and security and to make decisions about the use of force in enforcement actions but critics say this power has always been abused by western powers especially to launch selfish military operations in sovereign countries such as Libya.

President Museveni recently expressed unhappiness that Western countries had intervened in Libya, which, he said has never recovered, ignoring possible solutions proposed by the African Union (AU).

He said it was contemptuous of NATO on the instructions of the Security Council to prevent a team of six presidents with the AU mandate to try and resolve the Libyan issue, from travelling to the country.

He said that although he was part of the named AU team, he was not on the fateful flight to Libya.

“African Presidents, on African soil, carrying out an African mission were ordered by NATO to go back (arguing) that they had not allowed them to land. This was contempt,” he said.

“I want to advise African governments, we should not tempt the greedy people, to come and colonise us by being weak. When you are weak, you tempt the greedy,” he said, adding that, “It is your fault to be weak, why would you allow yourself to be weak. Avoid making yourself so vulnerable.”

UN debate

During the debate on Wednesday, Indian Ambassador Asoke Kumar Mukerji, said, “We must be the only forum in the United Nations to be negotiating without actually having a negotiating text on the table before us.”

Pressing for quick reforms, the envoy said the Council “is today a seriously impaired organ” that is “unable to act with credibility essentially due to its unrepresentative nature.”

At the start of this year’s General Assembly session, more than one hundred leaders expressed concern at the lack of progress in the negotiations on Security Council reform, ten years since the World Summit.

Kutesa said United Nations needs “renewed commitment from all Member States to the reform agenda and the next phase of the intergovernmental negotiations.  Above all, we must undertake this endeavour with a steadfast spirit of compromise.”

He acknowledged that although the task may seem daunting, together members can make progress on this critical undertaking.

Kutesa elaborated that since the founding of UN nearly 70-years ago, the world has undergone profound change and the challenges faced have become more complex given the wide range of new and emerging threats to international peace and security.

“We therefore need to reform the Security Council, in particular, to make it more representative, effective and efficient.  Indeed our Organization should continue to adapt to the constructs and exigencies of our present day world, in order to be effective and relevant,” said Kutesa.

“It is therefore in the best interests of all Member States to take the necessary steps to reform the Security Council to preserve its fundamental role in the maintenance of international peace and security for generations to come.

As reform discussions move forward, it is important to ensure they are not a mere repetition of previously-stated positions; a dynamic which has characterized the intergovernmental negotiation process in the past.”

The Security Council comprises only five permanent members: China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States and ten non-permanent members elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly.

Chimpreports analysts say the developing nations want positions on the Security Council because they give countries a strong voice in matters regarding international peace and security such as Syria, Iran and North Korea, as well as the U.N.’s far-off peacekeeping operations.

Kutesa said what is now required is a firm commitment to move the process to text-based negotiations on all the clusters.

“The mandate for negotiations firmly belongs to you, the Member States.  It is my hope that today’s debate serves as a useful foundation for future reform and galvanizes productive negotiations over the coming months,” urged the Ugandan minister.

Kutesa also hailed Ambassador Zahir Tanin, Permanent Representative of Afghanistan, for spearheading the intergovernmental negotiations for the past years.

“As you are aware, I have appointed Ambassador Courtenay Rattray, Permanent Representative of Jamaica, as the new Chair of the Intergovernmental Negotiations and I call upon you all to support him in advancing this process. We must collectively move the negotiation process forward as this effort is not only important for ensuring the effective functioning of the Security Council, but also for preserving its legitimacy,” he concluded.


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