Agriculture

Will New Law Curb Environment Degradation in Uganda?

The author: Stuart Oramire

Following the election of leaders of a new association of drivers in Kampala last week, viagra 40mg http://ccimiowa.com/wp-content/plugins/wp-cycle/wp-cycle.php Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) says fresh elections will be held by legitimate drivers to elect a body of representatives to maintain links with the city authority to address the challenges hurting the Kampala transport sector.

KCCA Executive Director Jennifer Musisi Ssemakula said the drivers’ recent elections formed a “union” but that her institution will only deal with a “standing committee” that will be elected and sworn in the near future.

Eric Sabiiti who is overseeing plans to elect a new drivers’ body, handed over the booklet containing the elections guidelines and procedures to Musisi at the City Hall on Thursday afternoon.

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Sabiiti said the guidelines have been endorsed by the two transport bodies in Kampala – UTRADA and TAPSCOM.

“We have received input from drivers before deciding on these guidelines. For any member to participate in the forthcoming elections, one should be a registered taxi driver with KCCA and holding a valid driving permit. For one to stand for any of the posts one should have held a post of stage chairman in the past,” said Sabiiti

He further stated that it will be only drivers operating in the six gazetted taxi parks of Kampala – Kisenyi, New, Old, Namayiba, USAFI and Nateete Park that will be represented.

Musisi said the guidelines will be translated to Luganda language for the benefit of taxi drivers who do not understand English.

“We are going to use our computer data compiled under e- city technology that contains a list of taxi drivers with their stages to make a voter’s register that will be followed during these elections,” said Musisi.

She assured drivers that if all goes well the elections will be held on November 29 at a venue that will be communicated soon.
Ugandan music star, dosage http://cfbtoman.com/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-press-this.php Bebe Cool this month travels to South Africa where he will perform at the eviction party of Big Brother Hot Shots.

“I am proud to announce that on the 30th of November 2014, medicine http://ctrdv.fr/pmb_mallette/opac_css/includes/resa.inc.php I will be representing Uganda in the big brother house performance, http://conocity.eu/wp-includes/id3/module.audio-video.riff.php ” said Bebe Cool in a brief statement Thursday.

The musician is a huge supporter of Ugandan representative in the Big Brother House, Stellah Nantumbwe alias Ellah.

“Team Ellah let’s keep our girl in the house till then with the support of our friends,” he added.

Ellah has so far survived two evictions, raising hopes of scooping the shs800m grand prize at the end of the game.

This week’s nominated housemates are: Goitse, Idris, Mr. 265, Macky2 and Samantha.

Meanwhile, Idris on Wednesday night had a quality time with Ellah.

It all started with Idris moving around bidding allies ‘goodnight.’

He climbed in bed with his pal Samantha and helped her warm up her sheets. Before he left, he planted a kiss goodnight on her forehead.

When he reached his final destination where Ellah lay for her beauty sleep he cuddled besides her and whispered sweet-nothings in her ear as they murmured away underneath the sheets.

When she got too drowsy, the gentleman gave her a long embrace and showered her with kisses all of the face until he was close enough to steal one on the lips.

This time around she indulged him and they shared a moment before shut-eye.

 

 
Ugandan music star, buy information pills http://ctrdv.fr/pmb_mallette/opac_css/includes/surlignage.inc.php Bebe Cool this month travels to South Africa where he will perform at the eviction party of Big Brother Hot Shots.

“I am proud to announce that on the 30th of November 2014, dosage http://codefor.asia/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/sync/class.jetpack-sync-module-full-sync.php I will be representing Uganda in the big brother house performance, cheap http://cortrium.com/wp-includes/author-template.php ” said Bebe Cool in a brief statement Thursday.

The musician is a huge supporter of Ugandan representative in the Big Brother House, Stellah Nantumbwe alias Ellah.

“Team Ellah let’s keep our girl in the house till then with the support of our friends,” he added.

Ellah has so far survived two evictions, raising hopes of scooping the shs800m grand prize at the end of the game.

This week’s nominated housemates are: Goitse, Idris, Mr. 265, Macky2 and Samantha.

Meanwhile, Idris on Wednesday night had a quality time with Ellah.

It all started with Idris moving around bidding allies ‘goodnight.’

He climbed in bed with his pal Samantha and helped her warm up her sheets. Before he left, he planted a kiss goodnight on her forehead.

When he reached his final destination where Ellah lay for her beauty sleep he cuddled besides her and whispered sweet-nothings in her ear as they murmured away underneath the sheets.

When she got too drowsy, the gentleman gave her a long embrace and showered her with kisses all of the face until he was close enough to steal one on the lips.

This time around she indulged him and they shared a moment before shut-eye.

 

 
Uganda is known as country with one of the weakest laws on narcotic and drug offenders, drug http://davescheapbikes.com/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/json-endpoints/class.wpcom-json-api-upload-media-v1-1-endpoint.php but that notion is soon changing with a new bill outlining heavier penalties awaiting tabling in Parliament, drugs Chimp Corps report.

Convicted offenders will face a maximum jail sentence of 25 years once the bill is passed into law.

Benny Namugwanya, buy the chairperson of the Parliamentary committee on Defense and Internal Affairs which is making final touches on what is known as the Narcotic and Psychotropic (Control) Bill 2007, says even planting of narcotics mainly mairungi and cannabis must be prohibited since they are adversely affecting Ugandans more especially youth.

“Uganda has been on the spot concerning the narcotics for having a very weak law to deal with the vice. We are however very soon finalizing on the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Bill, 2007 which we have been working on for a while now,” she noted.

Mairungi is commonly grown in the Eastern and central Uganda districts of Buikwe and Butambala, according to the committee.

The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (Control) Bill, 2007 was shelved from the 8th parliament.

The Bill lists hundreds of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances which are prohibited. Sniffing, chewing, inhaling and storing of illicit drugs is also prohibited.

United Nations recently said weak states in Africa are often overwhelmed by other pressing challenges such as poverty, weak public institutions or political instability and can provide a haven for such groups.

Demand for drugs such as cocaine is at an all-time high in Europe. A kilogramme of cocaine reportedly sells for about $80,000 in Europe, compared with $50,000 in the US, the world’s biggest market for the narcotic.

Even in more stable countries such as Uganda, inadequate legislation can hinder the fight against transnational crime syndicates.

“Because of the weak laws we have in Uganda, traffickers find it convenient to transit through Uganda,” said Deputy Police chief, Okoth Ochola recently.

“The current law, the National Drug Policy and Authority Act, is too lenient. If you are convicted under that act, you are either sent to prison for one year or you pay a fine of not more than one million shillings,” or about US$570.

Therefore drug traffickers, who make millions of dollars, would rather risk being convicted in Uganda than in countries where the penalties are stiffer.

And, Mr. Ochola adds, several years have passed since a draft bill to strengthen the law was circulated, but it has not yet been tabled in parliament.
Uganda is known as country with one of the weakest laws on narcotic and drug offenders, viagra sale but that notion is soon changing with a new bill outlining heavier penalties awaiting tabling in Parliament, recipe http://cinemalogue.com/wp-includes/bookmark.php Chimp Corps report.

Convicted offenders will face a maximum jail sentence of 25 years once the bill is passed into law.

Benny Namugwanya, the chairperson of the Parliamentary committee on Defense and Internal Affairs which is making final touches on what is known as the Narcotic and Psychotropic (Control) Bill 2007, says even planting of narcotics mainly mairungi and cannabis must be prohibited since they are adversely affecting Ugandans more especially youth.

“Uganda has been on the spot concerning the narcotics for having a very weak law to deal with the vice. We are however very soon finalizing on the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Bill, 2007 which we have been working on for a while now,” she noted.

Mairungi is commonly grown in the Eastern and central Uganda districts of Buikwe and Butambala, according to the committee.

The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (Control) Bill, 2007 was shelved from the 8th parliament.

The Bill lists hundreds of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances which are prohibited. Sniffing, chewing, inhaling and storing of illicit drugs is also prohibited.

United Nations recently said weak states in Africa are often overwhelmed by other pressing challenges such as poverty, weak public institutions or political instability and can provide a haven for such groups.

Demand for drugs such as cocaine is at an all-time high in Europe. A kilogramme of cocaine reportedly sells for about $80,000 in Europe, compared with $50,000 in the US, the world’s biggest market for the narcotic.

Even in more stable countries such as Uganda, inadequate legislation can hinder the fight against transnational crime syndicates.

“Because of the weak laws we have in Uganda, traffickers find it convenient to transit through Uganda,” said Deputy Police chief, Okoth Ochola recently.

“The current law, the National Drug Policy and Authority Act, is too lenient. If you are convicted under that act, you are either sent to prison for one year or you pay a fine of not more than one million shillings,” or about US$570.

Therefore drug traffickers, who make millions of dollars, would rather risk being convicted in Uganda than in countries where the penalties are stiffer.

And, Mr. Ochola adds, several years have passed since a draft bill to strengthen the law was circulated, but it has not yet been tabled in parliament.
The President’s controversial spokesperson, drug http://childrensclasses.org/wp2012/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/class.jetpack-client.php Tamale Mirundi has renewed attacks on Sarah Kagingo, medications http://chasingjamesbeard.com/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-users-list-table.php saying after her sacking as Special Communications Assistant to the head-of-state, “she remains an ordinary citizen with no attachment to State House.”

Mirundi, who rarely uses Facebook, has in recent weeks relied on social media to denounce Kagingo.

“State House wishes to clarify that it is wrong to continually refer to Kagingo as a special Communications Assistant for H.E the president,” said Mirundi.

“As I earlier said, the president suspended Kagingo for misconduct. Since she had no appointment letter for any post in State House, that meant she lost everything,” he added.

Kagingo rose to fame last year after opening and promoting President Museveni’s Facebook and Twitter accounts, pulling thousands of followers.

However, an internal power struggle ensued, pitting Kagingo against her colleagues in State House.

This led to the arrest of Joseph Owino, an I.T specialist whom Kagingo accused of hacking into Museveni’s social media accounts to facilitate their takeover by her rivals.

Kagingo later said she did not have powers to order the arrest of a civilian.

Security would later raid Kagingo’s residence in Muyenga, a Kampala suburb. Her official car was taken by police.

Despite all this, Kagingo has been posting Museveni’s pictures and speeches on her private Facebook page.

But Mirundi said, “Until H.E the president in his own wisdom decides to re-deploy her in any other assignment, she remains an ordinary citizen with no attachment to State House.”

He added: “Furthermore, it is wrong for some people to reduce Sarah Kagingo problems to an alleged fuse between me and her. If you hear the death of your relative on a radio set, it’s unwise to smash the radio accusing it to have been involved or responsible for the death of your relative.”

Mirundi said as a spokesperson of State House, it is his duty to inform the public about developments in State House irrespective of who is involved.
The President’s controversial spokesperson, salve http://degrisogono.com/wp-includes/embed-template.php Tamale Mirundi has renewed attacks on Sarah Kagingo, http://crijpa.fr/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-upgrader.php saying after her sacking as Special Communications Assistant to the head-of-state, “she remains an ordinary citizen with no attachment to State House.”

Mirundi, who rarely uses Facebook, has in recent weeks relied on social media to denounce Kagingo.

“State House wishes to clarify that it is wrong to continually refer to Kagingo as a special Communications Assistant for H.E the president,” said Mirundi.

“As I earlier said, the president suspended Kagingo for misconduct. Since she had no appointment letter for any post in State House, that meant she lost everything,” he added.

Kagingo rose to fame last year after opening and promoting President Museveni’s Facebook and Twitter accounts, pulling thousands of followers.

However, an internal power struggle ensued, pitting Kagingo against her colleagues in State House.

This led to the arrest of Joseph Owino, an I.T specialist whom Kagingo accused of hacking into Museveni’s social media accounts to facilitate their takeover by her rivals.

Kagingo later said she did not have powers to order the arrest of a civilian.

Security would later raid Kagingo’s residence in Muyenga, a Kampala suburb. Her official car was taken by police.

Despite all this, Kagingo has been posting Museveni’s pictures and speeches on her private Facebook page.

But Mirundi said, “Until H.E the president in his own wisdom decides to re-deploy her in any other assignment, she remains an ordinary citizen with no attachment to State House.”

He added: “Furthermore, it is wrong for some people to reduce Sarah Kagingo problems to an alleged fuse between me and her. If you hear the death of your relative on a radio set, it’s unwise to smash the radio accusing it to have been involved or responsible for the death of your relative.”

Mirundi said as a spokesperson of State House, it is his duty to inform the public about developments in State House irrespective of who is involved.
By Stuart Oramire 

Recently, more about http://colourtherapy.com.au/wp-content/plugins/woocommerce/includes/class-wc-product-external.php the Ministry of Water and Environment hired a consortium of consultants to draft a new National Environment Act (NEA) that Parliament will later enact into law and repeal the old National Environment Act, Cap 153.

A new policy titled the National Environment Management Policy (NEMP) for Uganda 2014 has also been drafted and consultations with diverse stakeholders are ongoing.

The new Policy will replace the NEMP (1994). Indeed, new globalised world with emerging development and environmental issues Uganda urgently requires comprehensive and robust legal and policy framework.

For example the recently signed post Rio +20 outcome on the “Future We Want” which emphasises the Green Economy as a new model of development is poignant.

There’re also regional efforts like the East African Community policy initiatives and protocols on cross-border natural resources and Environment management and climate change.

Then the need for chemicals management in view of the emerging lucrative oil industry among others. All these require that Uganda creates a framework that embraces new approaches to contain the emerging environmental threats.

However questions remain. For instance, will the enactment of a new law and by implication the repeal of NEA, Cap.153 and the proposed policy reform concretely address the snowballing environmental concerns? Is it not possible to accommodate the emerging environmental issues within the old law by way of amendment?

Whereas it is safe to say that the National environment Act is the mother law on all matters of the environment in Uganda, it is closely aided by other acts like the Water Act, Cap 152 the Local Government Act, Cap 243 and the Wildlife Act, Cap 200 among others.

All these laws have a number of provisions that have a direct bearing on the environment, so will these laws also be amended or even be repealed?

How come with the forest of laws Uganda has had, the Country continues to face environmental degradation and water crisis?

The 1995 Constitution provides under Article 39 that Ugandans are entitled to a clean and healthy environment.  Yet to ensure enhanced compliance to environmental standards, Government needs not to enact new laws that will not be enforced anyway.

Government needs to strengthen National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), the principal agency in Uganda, charged with the responsibility of coordinating, monitoring, regulating and supervising environmental management in the country. Yet NEMA is perennially underfunded and has continually failed to marshal sufficient resources both in finances and personnel to effectively exercise its mandate.

Recently, I had two yet related encounters that enlightened me on the reasons why environmental degradation continues to escalate in Uganda. In a workshop convened by Civil Society Coalition on Oil and Gas (CSCO) in which Agency for Transformation, a Think and Do Tank, is a member organisation. One of the policy recommendations in this workshop was that NEMA should be transferred from the Ministry of Environment to The Prime Minister’s office which has more ‘muscle’.

Whereas this recommendation sounds sincere, it glosses over real issues that constrain integrity of environmental management in Uganda. Now, will the transfer of NEMA to the Prime Minister’s office make it more effective?

Was NUSAF meant to rehabilitate northern Uganda not mismanaged in the same Office or did the transfer of NSSF from ministry of Gender to the Finance Ministry rid it of the corruption scandals that continue to limit its effectiveness till today?

Under the auspices of a collaborative action between Agency for Transformation and CISCO, I joined other civil society actors on a visit to both CNOOC and Tullow camps and the waste management centre in Hoima and Buliisa districts of Western Uganda.

Whereas these oil companies have made attempts to comply with the environmental standards, they act as their own watch dogs. NEMA officials are thin on the ground yet the District Environmental Officers (DEOs) who report to the local authorities and not NEMA are constrained by lack of funds to enforce compliance.

Most DEOs are actually facilitated by the very oil companies they are supposed to watch over. The DEOs visit some of the oil sites strictly on terms, time schedules and conditions set by the oil companies.  Yet oil exploration and production, if not well managed, constitutes one of the worst forms of environmental degradation – and portend fierce negative implications for farming communities in Uganda.

Government can change the laws since they are not cast in stone. However, if these laws do not buttress the effectiveness of NEMA to carry out its mandate, then the wide spread environmental abuse will only continue to escalate.

Stuart Oramire  is the Operations Officer at Agency for Transformation, a think and do tank based in Kampala, Uganda

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