Special Reports

UN Security Council Threatens Sanctions as Burundi Burns

People demonstrate in Bujumbura against a decision by Burundi’s ruling party to nominate President Pierre Nkurunziza to run for a third term (April 2015). Photo: Desire Nimubona/IRIN

Former Kashaari County Member of Parliament Maj [Rtd] General John Kazoora took another stride yesterday, what is ed http://denafilmax.com/wp-content/plugins/woocommerce/includes/class-wc-order-refund.php toward returning to Parliament after a 10 year break.

He was elected opposition Forum for Democratic Change [FDC] flag bearer for Mbarara Municipality MP in next year’s elections.

Polling 64, http://cmd-kenya.org/institute/wp-includes/cache.php Maj. Kazoora defeated with ease his contenders Israel Kazooba and Rwabutera Tibezaraba who managed only 14 and 10 respectively.

A strong pillar in the National Resistance Army that brought the NRM regime to power in 1986, http://craigpatchett.com/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/modules/minileven.php Major Kazoora had strong disagreements with his boss President Museveni after the latter insisted on deleting a clause in the Constitution to allow himself unlimited shots at the presidential ballot.

After bitter exchanges with the President, he was compelled to flee the country and join FDC’s Col Dr Kizza Besigye in South Africa.

He lost the next parliamentary election in 2006 to Urban Tibamanya after retiring from the national army and cutting all links with the regime in 2005.

Kazoora, who together with now Oxfam Executive Director Winnie Banyima openly criticized President Museveni’s personal management of the Uganda People’s Defense Forces, says the President threw all his weight on his ouster from Parliament.

In 2011, the retired Major took another shot at Parliament, this time for Mbarara Municipality, but lost miserably too Medard Bityerezo, managing only 27% of the vote.

Mid this year he was elected the opposition party’s Mobilization, Information and Publicity Secretary for Mbarara district, defeating John Tinbyetaho and Isreal Kazooba.

In Next year’s election, he will now be facing a powerful new entrant Michael Tusiime, who trounced incumbent Medard Bitekyerezo in last month’s NRM Primaries.

Upon being elected, Maj Kazoora said that most people have a misconception on roles of members of parliament. He noted that he is ready to plan for the municipality and to stand firmly against corruption in the country.

“When I was a leader everyone who was present by then testifies; I emphasized zero tolerance to corruption. Once elected back to parliament, I will start from where I stopped,” Maj. Kazora said.

Stanley Katembeya was handed the FDC flag to run the the Mbarara Mayoral seat

Stanley Katembeya was handed the FDC flag to run the the Mbarara Mayoral seat

Another FDC stalwart Stanley Katembeya was yesterday handed the FDC flag for the Mbarara Mayoral seat and he will be battling radio presenter Robert Kakyebezi from the NRM side.

Katembeya garnered 83 votes while his opponent Godfrey Kayombya got only 7 votes.

The FDC district electoral commission boss Twinoburyo Omwanawomuntu after declaring the two flag bearers, called for maximum cooperation during the general elections.

The two hopeful candidates promised to work on impassable roads in the Municipality especially in new divisions.
The United Nations Security Council has called on all parties in Burundi to engage in peace talks, decease http://deltaalphapihonorsociety.org/wp-includes/class-wp-http-cookie.php warning of further action against those who incite more violence in the Central African country, online http://crossfitnaples.com/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/json-endpoints/class.wpcom-json-api-get-taxonomy-endpoint.php where a recent upsurge has threatened hard-won stability after decades of ethnic strife and could lead to “potentially devastating consequences” for the entire region if it persists.

President Museveni had started mediating the crisis until a few months ago when the Burundi government refused to hold talks with the opposition.

Addressing the media at State House Entebbe, Museveni said he had read sections of an intelligence report showing that Burundi “is not doing well at all.”

Unanimously adopting a new resolution, the 15-member UN body on Thursday called on the Government to protect human rights and cooperate with regional African mediators to immediately convene “an inclusive and genuine inter-Burundian dialogue” to find a peaceful resolution of the crisis that erupted after President Pierre Nkurunziza decided to run for a controversial third term earlier this year.

The Council action came three days after senior UN officials warned it that Burundi is at a critical juncture, facing a deep political crisis and rapidly escalating violence, with bodies being regularly dumped in the streets of the capital, Bujumbura, and 200,000 people displaced by the bloodshed.

Sanctions

The resolution stressed the Council’s “intention to consider additional measures against all Burundian actors whose actions and statements contribute to the perpetuation of violence and impede the search for a peaceful solution.”

It asked Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to deploy a UN team in Burundi to work with the Government, African Union and other partners to develop options to address political and security concerns and to report back in two weeks with options for a future UN presence in the country.

It also welcomes his intention to appoint a Special Advisor on Conflict Prevention, including in Burundi, to work with the Government and other stakeholders towards a peaceful resolution of the crisis.

The UN maintained an Electoral Observation Mission in Burundi (MENUB) for the polls.

It reported that the July election that won Mr. Nkurunziza a controversial third term was relatively peaceful and conducted adequately, the overall environment was ‘not conducive’ for an inclusive, free and credible electoral process.

The polls took place after two postponements in an environment of “profound mistrust” between opposing political camps, the Mission noted, adding that Mr. Nkurunziza’s decision to run for again precipitated a deep political and socioeconomic crisis, including a failed coup in May.

With several peacekeeping missions over the years under various names the UN played a key role in restoring stability after decades of strife, mainly between Hutus and Tutsis, and in 2006 Burundi became the first post-conflict nation, along with Sierra Leone, to be referred to the UN Peace building Commission newly created to help countries avert relapsing into bloodshed.

But since then there have been sporadic relapses, with the latest crisis by far drawing the worst.

In briefing the Council on Monday, UN Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs Jeffrey Feltman painted a grim picture of the situation in Bujumbura. “Traumatized residents frequently discover mutilated bodies, victims of executions,” he noted.

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein voiced deepening concern.

“There have been hundreds of cases of arbitrary arrest and detention in the past month alone, targeting members of the opposition, journalists, human rights defenders and their families, people attending the funerals of those who have been killed, and inhabitants of neighbourhoods perceived to be supportive of the opposition,” he said.

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