South Sudan

UN Camp Attacked in South Sudan

Children surrender their weapons during a ceremony formalizing their release from the SSDA Cobra Faction armed group, in Pibor, South Sudan (February 2015). Photo: (UNICEF)

The United States President, medicine Barack Obama has sent an envoy to the violence-rocked Burundi with a very tough message to President Pierre Nkurunziza whose bid for a third term in office has resulted into chaos.

The Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, remedy Human Rights, about it and Labor Tom Malinowski arrived in Burundi on Wednesday in a two-day mission from April 29 – 30.

Mr. Malinowski is expected to meet Nkurunziza face to face on Thursday and physically express to him the Obama’s disappointment on seeking a third term in total disregard of the Arusha Peace that explicitly and strictly maintains two terms.

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“The Assistant Secretary will reiterate U.S. disappointment with Burundian President Nkurunziza’s decision to disregard the Arusha Agreements to run for a third term in office,” part of the statement from the U.S. State Department reads in part.

Riots this week rocked Bujumbura and neighbouring towns after Burundi’s ruling party endorsed Nkurunziza to run for a third term despite exhausting the mandatory two terms.

According to Article 7 of the Arusha Accords, “The President of the Republic (Burundi) shall exercise regulatory power and shall ensure the proper enforcement and administration of legislation… She/he shall be elected for a term of five years, renewable only once. No one may serve more than two presidential terms.”

Supporters of the president claim he has served only one term through adult suffrage, the first one being by Parliament’s appointment.

The deadly Imbonerakure militia created by the ruling political organisation tried to attack protesters only to be restrained by the armed forces.

Several radio stations including the private-owned and powerful RPA have been shut down. Human rights activists such as Claver Mbonimpa have been jailed.

Obama’s envoy is also expected to ask both sides to refrain from violence that has claimed a number lives and displaced tens of thousands to neighbouring countries mainly Rwanda and even the traditionally war-stricken DRC.

“He will also urge all actors to reject violence to safeguard the gains Burundi and its people have achieved since 2005.”

The crackdown on media is another major US concern. “The Assistant Secretary will also express concern about the Burundian government’s decision to close radio stations and further restrict freedom of assembly, association, and expression.”

The United States last week promised to continue supporting the “Burundian people’s peaceful pursuit of their democratic rights and freedoms,” adding, “We regret this significant missed opportunity, but the hard work of building democratic practices and institutions must continue.”

The U.S. added: “In that spirit, we urge all parties to participate in the legislative and national elections and ensure these electoral processes are inclusive, transparent, credible, free and conducted in an environment without threats, intimidation, or violence.”

The western country which has been training and equipping Burundi forces and contributing millions of dollars to the poor country’s health sector, vowed to “continue to monitor the situation in Burundi closely and take targeted measures, including, where appropriate, by denying U.S. visas, to hold accountable those individuals who participate in, plan, or order violence against the civilian population.”

“Violence has no place in democratic elections, and perpetrators of such violence will not be welcome to travel to the United States and risk being held accountable in a court of law for any crimes for which they are responsible.”
Several internally displaced persons sustained injuries when gunmen attacked the United Nations Mission in South Sudan camp in the oil-rich Unity State capital of Bentiu on Wednesday evening, order Chimp Corps report.

“The camp was attacked in a sustained gun shooting that lasted about an hour. I can’t tell who exactly did it and the motive since we are a neutral body, viagra order ” a source from UNMISS Bentiu town who asked not to be named since he in not authorized to speak to press, revealed.

The official statement from UNMISS is expected to be released this morning.

Dr. Riek Machar attacked and overran many defensive positions of the national army SPLA in Bentiu last year.

The town has changed hands several times, leading to a high number of deaths and casualties in the battles.

The UNMISS camp in Bentiu, which is one of the three major affected towns, is housing over a hundred thousand refugees.

The conflict that began in December 2013 in South Sudan continues to affect the lives of millions of people. It has been marked by brutal violence against civilians and deepening suffering across the country.

The major humanitarian consequences are widespread displacement due to the violence; high rates of death, disease, and injuries, severe food insecurity and disrupted livelihoods, and a major malnutrition crisis.

Some 5.8 million people are estimated to be in some degree of food insecurity as of September 2014. This number is projected to increase to 6.4 million during the first quarter of 2015.

The people in need for the coming year include an anticipated 1.95 million internally displaced people and a projected 293,000 refugees.

Within South Sudan, the most acute needs are found in Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile, the three states that have seen the most active hostilities.


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