Minister of Foreign Affairs Sam Kahamba Kutesa on Tuesday appealed to African Heads of State to keep the pressure on to have the United Nations Security Council reformed.
Kuteesa, order previously the President of the UN General Assembly reminded the leaders that not much has been achieved over the decades in terms of efforts to reform the western dominated council.
Over the years, member states have come up with proposals to Reform of the Security Council in five key issues that entail: categories of membership, the question of the veto held by the five permanent members, regional representation, the size of an enlarged Council and its working methods, and the Security Council-General Assembly relationship.
African nations for instance, have suggested that an African nation be given a seat on the Council, with Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa the most likely contenders.
Addressing 10 African heads of state and ministers in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, Kutesa stressed that reforming the Security Council was an integral part of Africa’s broader efforts to transform the United Nations into a more effective and democratic global institution.
“Not much has been achieved since, but what is clear is that the need to reform the Council continues to be of great importance and interest to member states. I hope that our consultations will provide an impetus for change and move this process forward,” said Kuteesa.
The minister represented President Yoweri Museveni who he said was unable to attend.
Looking back at his presidency at the UNGA, Kuteesa said he was proud that Africa made an important contribution in the reform process.
During this session, a Framework Document was adopted and a decision made by the General Assembly to build on the important work undertaken during the session.
Kuteesa noted, “Taking stock of what has happened thus far shows that there have been a range of proposals and negotiables in all five clusters of reform.”
He noted however, that political commitment and will continue to be required to make reform possible for a more equally representative, democratic and effective Security Council.
He pointed out the fact that African issues dominate the Security Council agenda and therefore the vast majority of decisions made by the Council affect African countries.
“Therefore for a continent with 54 countries, a population of over one billion people and demonstrable political commitment, the continent needs a stronger voice in the global political debate, which will increase the legitimacy of the decisions of the Council and foster its effectiveness.”
“Africa should be ready to work with all states and groups to achieve a reformed, more representative and accountable council.
At the Summit, Kutesa reiterated Uganda’s commitment by Uganda within the framework of the C-10 to engage actively in the intergovernmental negotiations in the interest of moving the process forward, to achieve a comprehensive reform of the United Nations Security Council.