Agriculture

The Pain of A Small Scale Sugarcane Grower In Busoga

Sugarcane growers in Busoga

The lady Cranes begin their 2015 All Africa Games qualifiers campaign with a clash against minnows Burundi on Tuesday 21st April at 7:30 PM.

This will be the second fixture of the game after the ‘clash of the titans’ opener pitting, help http://center4research.org/wp-includes/author-template.php Kenya against Egypt. The tournament is played in a round robin format where all teams have to face each other.

According to the draws which were conducted on Monday at the same venue, http://cjr.edu.mx/components/com_k2/sef_ext/com_k2.php Uganda will then face Egypt on Wednesday, Ethiopia on Thursday and neighbors Kenya on Saturday in what could be the decider.

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Two games have been lined up each day, with first scheduled to start at 5:00 PM local time followed by the second/last at 7::30 PM except for Thursday where the games will be played at 10 AM and 12 Noon respectively due to unavailability of the venue in the evening.

“There will be two games per day and we will charge Ushs.3, 000 as a way of saying thank you to our gallant fans.” The federation treasurer was quoted by official federation media.

Uganda last met Burundi in the sub zonal qualifiers in Nairobi, emerging 3-0 victors.

Only two teams will qualify for the All Africa games qualifiers in Congo-Brazaville this year.

Full fixtures;

Tuesday 21st April

5:00 Pm – Kenya (Ken) vs. Egypt (Egy)

7:30 Pm- Uganda (Uga) vs. Burundi (Bur)

 

Wednesday 22nd April

Egypt (Egy) vs. Uganda (Uga)

Ethiopia (Eth) vs. Kenya (Ken)

 

Thursday 23rd April

Uganda (Uga) vs. Ethiopia (Eth)

Burundi (Bur) vs. Egypt (Egy)

 

Friday 24th April

Burundi (Bur) vs. Kenya (Ken)

Egypt (Egy) vs. Ethiopia (Eth)

 

Saturday 25th April

Ethiopia (Eth) vs. Burundi (Bur)
Uganda’s military has heightened security at the border with elite troops being deployed in strategic areas amid fears of an imminent attack by ADF rebels operating from North Kivu in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Intelligence started filtering in at the beginning of April that ADF’s commanders were returning from their hideouts in the densely forested areas of Ituri occupy their tactical bases in Isale, medications http://cyberneuro.com/templates/fw_mazaya/warp/systems/joomla/layouts/com_newsfeeds/category/default.php Beni.

Army spokesperson Lt Col Paddy Ankunda was not readily available for comment.

However, viagra sale he has previously maintained that “Uganda is capable of defending its territorial integrity.”

Police boss Gen Kale Kayihura recently said the killing of Muslim clerics was part of ADF’s strategy to cultivate ground to further violence in the country.

Highly placed security sources said the Special Forces maintain presence near the Congo border with the view of stopping any possible aggression by the ADF.

“We want them to test our wrath. They have been preparing fighters, recipe mobilising weapons and setting up fresh bases in Mwalika which was last year bombed by FARDC (Congolese forces). They want to cause instability along that belt as well as carry out assassinations inside the country,” said a military source who preferred anonymity so as to speak freely.

He further revealed that specialised military units of commandos and counter insurgency intelligence officers have been instructed to remain on high alert should ADF strike in the coming weeks or months to destabilise Uganda’s election season.

The source further warned: “If they attack, we will fight them and follow them up to where they came from. It’s not going to end there. It is a problem we will deal with once and for all. We are fully prepared for them.”

Ever since the ADF launched its first attack through the Rwenzori region in 1996, the organization’s operations have been shrouded in mystery.

On the day of ADF’s first attack, the Uganda intelligence was totally unaware about the existence and strength of the radical Islamist group which seeks to impose a Muslim President in Uganda.

“On that morning, thousands of civilians started fleeing Kasese and Bundibugyo. They said the ‘adui (enemy)’ forces were in large numbers. After having a short prayer at the Mosque, ADF officially launched its offensive, spreading to as far as Kamwenge, Ibanda, Kabarole and neighbouring towns,” recounted a senior officer who participated in the operations against ADF.

With dozens of UPDF soldiers killed in action, the special Alpine Brigade commanded by then battle-hardened James Kazini and coordinated by General Salim Saleh, was rolled out to confront the rebels.

The ADF attack was thoroughly defeated, sending the survivors back to DRC. They have since been reorganising and battling Congolese forces.

Police recently arrested several suspected ADF fighters in Uganda linked to the assassination of Muslim Clerics.

According to the charge sheet, the accused between February 2014 and January 2015 in areas including Nalukolongo (Kampala) and other parts of Central, Eastern and Northern Uganda rendered support to ADF and Federal Alliance by recruiting and training man power to be used in the commission of terrorism related acts contrary to section 8 of the Anti Terrorism Act 2002.

Kayihura told journalists last year that ADF rebels were targeting Muslim clerics for preaching against insurgency.

“While we are not ruling out other motives in individual cases, there is strong evidence linking these murders to Al Qaeda affiliate ADF,” Kayihura told journalists at Naguru on December 30.

He added, “We have credible intelligence which indicates that the majority of these clerics have been targeted because of their refusal to embrace extremist theocratic ideology; one which promotes the use of violence and terrorism as a tool of social, religious and political change.”
Uganda’s military has heightened security at the border with elite troops being deployed in strategic areas amid fears of an imminent attack by ADF rebels operating from North Kivu in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Intelligence started filtering in at the beginning of April that ADF’s commanders were returning from their hideouts in the densely forested areas of Ituri occupy their tactical bases in Isale, medications http://contraboli.ro/wp-admin/includes/class-pclzip.php Beni.

Army spokesperson Lt Col Paddy Ankunda was not readily available for comment.

However, look he has previously maintained that “Uganda is capable of defending its territorial integrity.”

Police boss Gen Kale Kayihura recently said the killing of Muslim clerics was part of ADF’s strategy to cultivate ground to further violence in the country.

Highly placed security sources said the Special Forces maintain presence near the Congo border with the view of stopping any possible aggression by the ADF.

“We want them to test our wrath. They have been preparing fighters, store mobilising weapons and setting up fresh bases in Mwalika which was last year bombed by FARDC (Congolese forces). They want to cause instability along that belt as well as carry out assassinations inside the country,” said a military source who preferred anonymity so as to speak freely.

He further revealed that specialised military units of commandos and counter insurgency intelligence officers have been instructed to remain on high alert should ADF strike in the coming weeks or months to destabilise Uganda’s election season.

The source further warned: “If they attack, we will fight them and follow them up to where they came from. It’s not going to end there. It is a problem we will deal with once and for all. We are fully prepared for them.”

Ever since the ADF launched its first attack through the Rwenzori region in 1996, the organization’s operations have been shrouded in mystery.

On the day of ADF’s first attack, the Uganda intelligence was totally unaware about the existence and strength of the radical Islamist group which seeks to impose a Muslim President in Uganda.

“On that morning, thousands of civilians started fleeing Kasese and Bundibugyo. They said the ‘adui (enemy)’ forces were in large numbers. After having a short prayer at the Mosque, ADF officially launched its offensive, spreading to as far as Kamwenge, Ibanda, Kabarole and neighbouring towns,” recounted a senior officer who participated in the operations against ADF.

With dozens of UPDF soldiers killed in action, the special Alpine Brigade commanded by then battle-hardened James Kazini and coordinated by General Salim Saleh, was rolled out to confront the rebels.

The ADF attack was thoroughly defeated, sending the survivors back to DRC. They have since been reorganising and battling Congolese forces.

Police recently arrested several suspected ADF fighters in Uganda linked to the assassination of Muslim Clerics.

According to the charge sheet, the accused between February 2014 and January 2015 in areas including Nalukolongo (Kampala) and other parts of Central, Eastern and Northern Uganda rendered support to ADF and Federal Alliance by recruiting and training man power to be used in the commission of terrorism related acts contrary to section 8 of the Anti Terrorism Act 2002.

Kayihura told journalists last year that ADF rebels were targeting Muslim clerics for preaching against insurgency.

“While we are not ruling out other motives in individual cases, there is strong evidence linking these murders to Al Qaeda affiliate ADF,” Kayihura told journalists at Naguru on December 30.

He added, “We have credible intelligence which indicates that the majority of these clerics have been targeted because of their refusal to embrace extremist theocratic ideology; one which promotes the use of violence and terrorism as a tool of social, religious and political change.”
Uganda’s military has heightened security at the border with elite troops being deployed in strategic areas amid fears of an imminent attack by ADF rebels operating from North Kivu in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Intelligence started filtering in at the beginning of April that ADF’s commanders were returning from their hideouts in the densely forested areas of Ituri occupy their tactical bases in Isale, sale http://cenariospizza.com/wp-includes/class-walker-page.php Beni.

Army spokesperson Lt Col Paddy Ankunda was not readily available for comment.

However, malady http://daa.asn.au/wp-includes/wp-db.php he has previously maintained that “Uganda is capable of defending its territorial integrity.”

Police boss Gen Kale Kayihura recently said the killing of Muslim clerics was part of ADF’s strategy to cultivate ground to further violence in the country.

Highly placed security sources said the Special Forces maintain presence near the Congo border with the view of stopping any possible aggression by the ADF.

“We want them to test our wrath. They have been preparing fighters, information pills mobilising weapons and setting up fresh bases in Mwalika which was last year bombed by FARDC (Congolese forces). They want to cause instability along that belt as well as carry out assassinations inside the country,” said a military source who preferred anonymity so as to speak freely.

He further revealed that specialised military units of commandos and counter insurgency intelligence officers have been instructed to remain on high alert should ADF strike in the coming weeks or months to destabilise Uganda’s election season.

The source further warned: “If they attack, we will fight them and follow them up to where they came from. It’s not going to end there. It is a problem we will deal with once and for all. We are fully prepared for them.”

Ever since the ADF launched its first attack through the Rwenzori region in 1996, the organization’s operations have been shrouded in mystery.

On the day of ADF’s first attack, the Uganda intelligence was totally unaware about the existence and strength of the radical Islamist group which seeks to impose a Muslim President in Uganda.

“On that morning, thousands of civilians started fleeing Kasese and Bundibugyo. They said the ‘adui (enemy)’ forces were in large numbers. After having a short prayer at the Mosque, ADF officially launched its offensive, spreading to as far as Kamwenge, Ibanda, Kabarole and neighbouring towns,” recounted a senior officer who participated in the operations against ADF.

With dozens of UPDF soldiers killed in action, the special Alpine Brigade commanded by then battle-hardened James Kazini and coordinated by General Salim Saleh, was rolled out to confront the rebels.

The ADF attack was thoroughly defeated, sending the survivors back to DRC. They have since been reorganising and battling Congolese forces.

Police recently arrested several suspected ADF fighters in Uganda linked to the assassination of Muslim Clerics.

According to the charge sheet, the accused between February 2014 and January 2015 in areas including Nalukolongo (Kampala) and other parts of Central, Eastern and Northern Uganda rendered support to ADF and Federal Alliance by recruiting and training man power to be used in the commission of terrorism related acts contrary to section 8 of the Anti Terrorism Act 2002.

Kayihura told journalists last year that ADF rebels were targeting Muslim clerics for preaching against insurgency.

“While we are not ruling out other motives in individual cases, there is strong evidence linking these murders to Al Qaeda affiliate ADF,” Kayihura told journalists at Naguru on December 30.

He added, “We have credible intelligence which indicates that the majority of these clerics have been targeted because of their refusal to embrace extremist theocratic ideology; one which promotes the use of violence and terrorism as a tool of social, religious and political change.”
Abbey Kibirige Semuwemba

The agricultural revolution was a game changer in my grandfather’s life as it enabled him to pay fees for all his kids and grand-kids (orphans), salve http://deal2deal.co.in/components/com_k2/templates/register.php and I thought it would be a game changer for me when I started growing sugarcane in Busoga land a few years ago but this hasn’t been the case, prostate http://cfbtoman.com/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/json-endpoints/class.wpcom-json-api-list-comments-endpoint.php and it’s damn depressing.

At a global level, erectile http://demcsb.com/wp-includes/simplepie/author.php the demand for sugar has been underpinned by consumption growth in developing country markets and declining production in the EU. Since 2005 world prices have been buoyant and the terms of trade for sugar have greatly improved. In fact, in August 2009 prices hit a 30 year high.

Factory owners and transporters are the determinants of almost everything in Busoga: from distribution of decision making, incomes, and social responsibility.

Farmers take their produce there by big lorries and tractors, but the price is heavily dependent on how much cane is for sale elsewhere. Transporting the crop to a nearby mill to be crushed costs about shs 23, 000 per ton yet the factory pays averagely shs.68000 per ton. The buyers give farmers the cheapest price because the sugarcane is in surplus.

Keen to profit from the opportunities emerging in east Africa, Asian-owned companies have entered the region’s sugar economy. Let us not forget that Brazil and India are the two biggest sugar producers in the world. The Indian sugar industry has sent trade associations to Africa to increase exports of Indian sugar cane machinery and technology, a market worth some $0.5bn in 2009.

The biggest factory is Kakira sugar ltd which normally buys a ton of sugarcane at 68,000/= while Mayuge sugar industries normally buys a ton of sugar cane at 70,000/=, but Mayuge is now buying only at shs.68000 only because Kakira isn’t taking any more sugarcane at the moment.

By my calculations, a farmer who has invested about shs.6m in the land (from harvesting to cutting and transporting) gets a net profit of only shs.2m if other factors remain constant. How can somebody sweat for 16-18 months waiting for a mere shs.2m! I bet most people don’t realize this because sometimes Kakira gives them arrears to ‘sweeten’ them up, but, overall, it’s not worth it. The person who makes a lot of money is the one who owns his own transport.

Getting a cane supply permit from Kakira is quite a complex process and takes time especially for a new farmer who is just starting. Through a friend, I managed to get a farmer code but Kakira couldn’t give me a permit apparently because the factory was giving more priority to sugarcane from their own farms, and some of those farms had been burnt down. So, most farmers have desperately turned to Mayuge Sugar Ltd for a solution.

Kakira Sugar Ltd has a fixed rate that is charged by the transporter for transporting sugarcane to the factory premises and the rate is determined by the distance from the factory, this is done in such a way that transport fees are automatically deducted upon weighing of the trucks.

With Mayuge, getting a permit can be done by anyone as long as you have sugarcane and this process can take up to two or three days but the farmer has to always negotiate with the transporter for transport charges.

It is worth remembering that many of the people working for sugar factories in the region are employed on a seasonal basis.This is undoubtedly linked to Asian’s exploitation of the current political structural power in the region, and reluctance to embed themselves more fully in the Ugandan economy.

A lot of people in Busoga no longer grow food as there is almost sugarcane everywhere, and i believe this is one of the reasons why food prices have gone high. People cut down their food crops and went for sugarcane because they have got to pay fees for their kids. So, food seems to be a luxury even for visitors in Busoga.

The unskilled, seasonal workers do the cutting and are usually paid peanuts. In addition, the small scale farmers and the local communities around the sugar cane factories are usually pressured to sell their land by the factory owners. If you refuse to sell your land, they will either bloke the road to your land or do everything necessary to force you to sell the land.

Another problem i saw resulting from sugarcane plantation is that the Hygiene and water quality is poor in the most of the Busoga.Sugarcane is always found bordering a body of water on dirt or sand as it requires directly adjacent water to grow.

Even though it’s slow growing, when you harvest a mature plant you receive three sugarcane units. On top of that, you don’t need to hoe the ground you plant sugarcane on and, because it grows in multiple segments, you can break just the top pieces off and leave the bottom block perpetually growing. It takes approximately 16-22 month for sugar cane to be fully mature. An acre of land can yield from 30-40 metric tons.

These examples are not meant to deny that the sugar industry has bolstered the economy in important ways, but they are doing more harm than good at the moment. Despite some success, there are challenges related to addressing issues of fairness and social justice.

The big sugar producers are undoubtedly important employers, service providers and foreign exchange earners. Nevertheless, they could and should do more to assist the poor in villages. Nobody cares for a farmer in Busoga or elsewhere in Uganda, and this is so hurting.

INTERVENTION

The government should make a policy to intervene with individual farmers at its focus. The distress caused by sugar factory owners and transporters is unbelievable. People where these factories are located aren’t benefiting much from them as the poverty in Busoga is so depressing.

Non-intervention is not an alternative in this case, and I believe it’s the main reason why most youths are no longer interested in farming. For instance, In Kenya they have got the Kenya Sugar Board (KSB) and the Sugar Act which gave KSB teeth to bite and powers to streamline the sugar sector.

I remain hopeful that the government and area NGOs will reform the sugar program in Busoga such that the farmers profit more from their sweat, but I also know that it would be an uphill struggle since most of the factory owners seem to be more important to the current government than the majority poor farmers. So, if nothing is done, I think I will diversify to something else as I love farming.

 

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