The Ministry of Health and Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) has announced an outbreak of Typhoid in Kampala and some parts of the neighbouring districts of Wakiso and Mukono, pharmacy http://cineaverde.com/wp-admin/includes/post.php Chimp Corps report.
Director General of Health Services Dr. Jane Ruth Aceng said Thursday the confirmation comes after a thorough investigation into reports initially of a strange disease among individuals working at Qualicel, sick Nabukeera Plaza, and Total Petrol Station on Namirembe Road.
The first victim to be noted was admitted at Namungona Hospital and later passed on the following day. The report was received by the Ministry of Health on 6th February, 2015
“The report also indicated that 20-30 more people were complaining of symptoms similar to that of the deceased. Symptoms include fever and abdominal pain, cough, joint pains, general malaise and dizziness,” said Aceng.
The Ministry of Health and KCCA later constituted a team of Epidemiologists and Surveillance Officers to investigate the strange disease affecting people in the central business district.
Aceng said so far, two people have been confirmed to have died of the disease while 11 more deaths are still being investigated for the same. Laboratory tests have on a good note however ruled out possible link to any Viral Hemorrhagic Fever.
“As of today, a total of 142 individuals identified with signs and symptoms of Typhoid are being investigated. So far all divisions in KCCA except Nakawa have reported a case. Most cases have been identified among people working around Nakasero Market, Disableds’ Market, New Taxi Park, Allen Road, Nabukeera Plaza, Qualicel and Total petrol station on Namirembe Road,” said Aceng.
“But most of these reside in Kibuli, Namungoona, Lugoba, Kanyogoga, Bulenga and Nateete, all Kampala suburbs. Some are from Wakiso, in areas neighbouring Lubaga Division in Kampala. The cases have been reported among the young men aged between 20 and 29 years of age.”
She further stated that currently, there are eight confirmed cases out of the laboratory samples taken and many more are still being tested.
Aceng emphasised all cases are currently being managed as outpatients at Kisenyi Health Center IV where a treatment center has been set up.
“Investigations so far reveal that people are being infected from something they are eating/drinking from their work stations. The cause of infection is suspected to be a contaminated drinking water source around the affected areas. Investigations are still going on to find out the exact source by testing all sources of water including water being sold on the commercial market,” she noted.
Typhoid fever is an acute illness associated with fever caused by bacteria from a group called Salmonella. The main type that causes human disease is called Salmonella typhi, although some few cases are caused by Salmonella paratyphi, a related bacteria that usually causes a less severe illness. The bacteria are deposited in water or food by a human carrier and are then spread to other people in the area.
The disease is transmitted through eating food/drinking water that is contaminated with faeces. It is important that people are treated early to avoid possible spread of the disease.
- A response team has been put in place by the Kampala Capital City Authority and the Ministry of Health to respond to the outbreak.
- Kampala Capital City has designated a treatment place at Kisenyi Health Center IV to handle any confirmed or suspected case. All patients are being managed as outpatients. No admissions are being done.
- The National Medical Stores (NMS) has disbursed all the necessary drugs to the center for quick and better management of cases
- Health workers at Kisenyi Health Center IV have been trained on handling suspected and confirmed cases
The Government urges the public to take the following measures to avert the further spread of the disease;
- All people with symptoms of fever that is resistant to anti-Malaria drugs should report to any nearby Health facility for better treatment. Ministry of Health is assessing the situation in other districts.
- All people are urged to observe personal and community hygiene to avoid possible spread of the infection
- The public is advised to be careful and sure of the source of their drinking water. People are advised to boil the water themselves or treat it with a chlorine based drinking water disinfectant such as Water guard, PURE and others which are approved.
- The public is further advised to avoid eating cold foods; Vegetables should be cooked properly while fruits should be washed with safe water.
- Health workers are advised to consider Typhoid as one of the possible causes of illness among patients
- presenting with fever. Typhoid fever should be considered among all negative for malaria by either RDT or microscopy.
Two hotline numbers have been set up to report any suspected cases. These are 0794661095 or 0794661128 in KCCA.
The Government calls upon the public, especially those in the central Kampala business area to stay calm as all possible measures are being undertaken to contain the outbreak.
The Uganda Chamber of Mines and Petroleum, treatment http://dentalrealsaltillo.com/components/com_k2/templates/default/item.php (UCMP), information pills http://clubebancariositape.com.br/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/modules/json-api.php has expressed excitement by the announcement of a ‘Selected Preferred Bidder’ to partner with the Government of Uganda in the development of the country’s first ever petroleum refinery.
“We would like to congratulate the Government of Uganda upon reaching this momentous milestone in its journey towards becoming an oil producing nation. It is indeed very good news for the members of the Uganda Chamber of Mines and Petroleum and the business community as this development unleashes serious commercial activity in the sector which has hitherto been bottled up, http://damadetrefla.com/wp-includes/class-walker-comment.php ” said Elly Karuhanga, Chairman, UCMP on Thursday.
“The Chamber would also like to congratulate the RT Global Resources – led consortium including GS Engineering & Construction of South Korea among others for having emerged winner of the bid to partner with the Government of Uganda in the development of the country’s refinery,” he added.
The UCMP, which represents the interests of private companies and individuals in the mining and petroleum sectors, has for long implored the Government of Uganda to expedite the licensing process in the oil and gas industry as this would not only open up commercial contracts for its members but also uplift the people of Uganda in general as a result of increased business opportunities in the country.
“That is why we are pleased to learn that the great news as regards the refinery notwithstanding, the Ministry of Energy & Mineral Development will also meet with the upstream companies next week. We hope that they will finally settle the Production License issues since a refinery depends on crude oil production,” added Karuhanga.
Government this week announced RT Global Resources (Russia) led consortium as the winner of the $2.5bn oil refinery contract, edging out SK Group led Consortium (South Korea).
Government said it will proceed to hold negotiations on the principal agreements with RT Global Resources led consortium starting in March 2015 with an aim of reaching an agreement within 60 days.
Members of this consortium are Telconet Capital Ltd Partnership, VTB Capital PLC, Tatneft JSC and GS Engineering & Construction Corporation.
The Ministry’s Permanent Secretary, Fred Kabagambe-Kaliisa, says “The objective of these negotiations is to conclude the project agreements to satisfaction of government and the lead investor. These include the project framework Agreement, Shareholders Agreement, Implementation Agreement and the Escrow Agreement.”
Upon execution of the different project contracts, the lead investor and government will constitute a refinery company that will take forward the engineering and finalise the financing aspects for the development of the refinery.
Karuhanga said that whereas news on the refinery is very exciting, Government should apply similar decisiveness on the other lacunas in the oil and gas and mining industries, especially the issue concerning the issuance of Production Licenses to the Total E&P and Tullow Plc and the scrapping of taxation on exploration projects.
“While the Government of Uganda notes that delays in making certain pronouncements were inevitable – especially where disagreements with development partners arose concerning the type of technology or operating plans –, it does recognize the need to speed up some decisions in recognition of the pressures within which the private sector operates,” said Karuhanga.
The UCMP further encouraged Government to “announce the next licensing rounds for the unlicensed blocks as soon as possible as this could see as many as six new exploration and production companies investing in Uganda in the course of this year.
In the same vein, the UCMP commends Government for passing practical laws and for recently issuing draft regulations to guide the oil and gas industry as we all await the final establishment of the National Oil Company and the National Oil Authority.”