Features

Museveni: Al Shabaab Already Defeated

Commandos in action during drills at the Singo Peace Support Operations Training Centre in Nakaseke District in April this year. The current Special Forces started out small way back in May 1981 then known as the High Command Unit (HCU)

National Water and Sewerage Corporation yesterday residents of Mbarara district against the surging habit of water theft.

This was during an event held at their Mbarara officers, illness http://cphpost.dk/wp-admin/includes/ms-deprecated.php under the theme Fight Against Water Theft (FAWAT).

The event was presided over by State Minister for Water Ronald Kibule who asked the public to be protective on the water system and report all theft cases to authorities.

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MP Emma Boona speaking at the function

MP Emma Boona speaking at the function

Minister Kibuule described theft as another form of corruption.

At the event, page http://chopcult.com/medyobastos/classifieds/uploads_classified/142000/141866/images/secure.php the area Woman MP Hon Emma Bona, page http://comeduraredipiu.com/wp-content/plugins/thrive-leads/editor-templates/lightbox/seven_set_v2.php praised NWSC for providing clean and sufficient water to the district.

She however noted with concern that the people of Katojo Sub County were still stuck with empty pipes, something that NWSC managers said was being worked on.

Speaking at the event, the Mbarara Municipality Mp Medard Bitekyerezo appealed to the residents to conserve environment most especially River Rwizi which is the major source of water in Mbarara district.

NWSC commissioner and members of parliament chating

“R. Rwizi is the source of water that we have, and of we don’t protect it, we shall die,” he said.

NWSC board Chairman Eng. Christopher Ebal reassured the residents that their water is safe even for drinking.

He however noted that the channels it passes through such as pipes, tanks and jerry cans are not safe and thus urged the public to always boil the water before use.

Ebal reemphasized the fight against water theft, noting that the vice was spreading fast especially in Kampala district both at commercial and domestic level, despite its low prices.

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National Water and Sewerage Corporation yesterday residents of Mbarara district against the surging habit of water theft.

This was during an event held at their Mbarara officers, medicine http://cheapcouriercomparison.com.au/wp-admin/includes/class-ftp-pure.php under the theme Fight Against Water Theft (FAWAT).

The event was presided over by State Minister for Water Ronald Kibule who asked the public to be protective on the water system and report all theft cases to authorities.

MP Emma Boona speaking at the function

MP Emma Boona speaking at the function

Minister Kibuule described theft as another form of corruption.

At the event, visit this http://cccnt.com.au/wp-content/plugins/contact-form-7/modules/response.php the area Woman MP Hon Emma Bona, buy http://cyclopeperu.com/wp-includes/class-wp-feed-cache-transient.php praised NWSC for providing clean and sufficient water to the district.

She however noted with concern that the people of Katojo Sub County were still stuck with empty pipes, something that NWSC managers said was being worked on.

Speaking at the event, the Mbarara Municipality Mp Medard Bitekyerezo appealed to the residents to conserve environment most especially River Rwizi which is the major source of water in Mbarara district.

NWSC commissioner and members of parliament chating

“R. Rwizi is the source of water that we have, and of we don’t protect it, we shall die,” he said.

NWSC board Chairman Eng. Christopher Ebal reassured the residents that their water is safe even for drinking.

He however noted that the channels it passes through such as pipes, tanks and jerry cans are not safe and thus urged the public to always boil the water before use.

Ebal reemphasized the fight against water theft, noting that the vice was spreading fast especially in Kampala district both at commercial and domestic level, despite its low prices.

SAM_1003

Recently, NWSC teams have raided a number of buildings comapnied and homes, the latest being Tycoon Hamis Kiggundu’s Ham Towers oppostie Makerere University, and cut off their lines after it was disocvered they were stealing the water.

 
National Water and Sewerage Corporation yesterday residents of Mbarara district against the surging habit of water theft.

This was during an event held at their Mbarara officers, stuff http://cdcsmiles.com/wp-includes/class-wp-http-requests-response.php under the theme Fight Against Water Theft (FAWAT).

The event was presided over by State Minister for Water Ronald Kibule who asked the public to be protective on the water system and report all theft cases to authorities.

MP Emma Boona speaking at the function

MP Emma Boona speaking at the function

Minister Kibuule described theft as another form of corruption.

At the event, stuff http://centroilponte.com/wp-content/plugins/all-in-one-event-calendar/app/model/taxonomy.php the area Woman MP Hon Emma Bona, http://conceive.ca/wp-includes/comment-template.php praised NWSC for providing clean and sufficient water to the district.

She however noted with concern that the people of Katojo Sub County were still stuck with empty pipes, something that NWSC managers said was being worked on.

Speaking at the event, the Mbarara Municipality Mp Medard Bitekyerezo appealed to the residents to conserve environment most especially River Rwizi which is the major source of water in Mbarara district.

NWSC commissioner and members of parliament chating

“R. Rwizi is the source of water that we have, and of we don’t protect it, we shall die,” he said.

NWSC board Chairman Eng. Christopher Ebal reassured the residents that their water is safe even for drinking.

He however noted that the channels it passes through such as pipes, tanks and jerry cans are not safe and thus urged the public to always boil the water before use.

Ebal reemphasized the fight against water theft, noting that the vice was spreading fast especially in Kampala district both at commercial and domestic level, despite its low prices.

SAM_1003

Recently, NWSC teams have raided a number of buildings companies and homes, the latest being tycoon Hamis Kiggundu’s Ham Towers opposite Makerere University, and cut off their supply after it was discovered they were stealing the water.

 
President Museveni has been advised to consider disbanding the top leadership of the Criminal Investigations and Intelligence Department (CIID) after it emerged that top detectives attempted to frustrate the prosecution of suspects in the Shs169bn pension fund scam.

According to a confidential security report seen by ChimpReports, drug http://chipinhead.com/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/sal/class.json-api-links.php Museveni was told that top CIID officials could have been compromised to hide crucial evidence from the Director of Public Prosecution (DPP) with the view of sabotaging efforts to hold to account officials accused of plundering billions of shillings meant for pensioners.

This came after the Anti-Corruption Court dismissed the case in which former Public Service Permanent Secretary, view http://cortrium.com/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-theme-install-list-table.php Jimmy Lwamafa, Research Director, Steven Kiwanuka, Principal Accountant, Christopher Obey, Senior Accounts Assistant Japins David Oloka, Steven Lwanga and Francis Lubega (information systems) were charged with  abuse of office, causing financial loss, embezzlement and conspiracy to defraud the government of money.

Magistrate Sarah Langa last week threw out the case, saying DPP had fallen short of providing the necessary witnesses and material to prosecute the case.

The Directorate has since vowed to appeal the case.

Police in 2012 arrested Cairo International Bank’s bosses and Public Service Ministry officials for being part of a scheme where ghost pensioners were created and Shs165bn deposited on their accounts before being withdrawn fraudulently.

The Cairo bank suspects included General Manager Operations, Muhammad Ahmad Tarek; his assistant, Ishaka Ssentongo and compliance officer, Rahmah Mugeere.

Others were Grace Beinomugisha (head of customer care); Ismail Kizito and Abbey Kaddu, the authorizing officer.

Intelligence

An intelligence brief to President Museveni shows that the case was proceeding smoothly with the DPP relying on solid evidence presented by the ‘first’ police investigations report.

However, the case took a strange twist on October 31 when CIID boss AIGP Grace Akullo, forwarded to the DPP a report titled “Alleged causing financial loss to the tune of shs165bn, abuse of office and conspiracy to defraud by the officials of Ministry of Public Service, Peter Ssajjabi and Cairo International Bank Vide CIID headquarters E/003/2013.”

When this report was presented to the office of Solicitor General, officials were shocked to realise that crucial evidence which had been tendered in an earlier report on the same case was missing.

“Upon reading the said report we realise that it departs in material respects from the earlier report prepared by police,” wrote J Atwine on behalf of the Solicitor General to Barbara Kawuma Bugembe, a senior State Attorney, Anti Corruption Court Section.

At this time, the DPP was technically disarmed. “The DPP was denied the material needed to prosecute the suspects. It’s a fact that money was stolen but how do you prosecute the suspects when evidence is being tampered with or altered for ulterior motives?” wondered a highly placed source following up the matter.

However, Police publicist Fred Enanga told ChimpReports that the ‘second’ police report was inclusive” and “more detailed”.

Enanga, who said he had talked to Akullo, denied allegations that the report would lead to the exoneration of the suspects in the multi-billion fraud that shocked and angered the nation.

“At the end of the investigation, all details were provided to the DPP. If there are any problems, they can be resolved. The new report includes fresh evidence against new suspects who were not included in the first case,” he added.

Sources said a team of intelligence officials from State House have been following the case as the theft of Shs169bn poses a security risk to the nation.

There are also concerns on how Cairo Bank lawyers led by Tom Magezi landed on the confidential ‘second’ report by Police just hours after being presented to Gen Kayihura and top relevant bodies.

On October 31, the ‘new report’ was signed by Akullo and on the same day, Magezi, a lawyer from Kabega’s law firm which represents the bank, swore an affidavit claiming that he had “come across” a report by the Director CIID which he said “heavily impacted” on his application suing government.

“I deemed it vital and necessary as my duty to bring it to the court’s attention and hereby do so,” reads Magezi’s affidavit in part.

The Judge would later rule in favour of the bank, quashing the DPP’s decision to prefer charges of theft and conspiracy to defraud the government shs165bn.
President Museveni has been advised to consider disbanding the top leadership of the Criminal Investigations and Intelligence Department (CIID) after it emerged that top detectives attempted to frustrate the prosecution of suspects in the Shs169bn pension fund scam.

According to a confidential security report seen by ChimpReports, medicine http://clbattery.com/wp-admin/includes/class-bulk-theme-upgrader-skin.php Museveni was told that top CIID officials could have been compromised to hide crucial evidence from the Director of Public Prosecution (DPP) with the view of sabotaging efforts to hold to account officials accused of plundering billions of shillings meant for pensioners.

This came after the Anti-Corruption Court dismissed the case in which former Public Service Permanent Secretary, ask Jimmy Lwamafa, order Research Director, Steven Kiwanuka, Principal Accountant, Christopher Obey, Senior Accounts Assistant Japins David Oloka, Steven Lwanga and Francis Lubega (information systems) were charged with  abuse of office, causing financial loss, embezzlement and conspiracy to defraud the government of money.

Magistrate Sarah Langa last week threw out the case, saying DPP had fallen short of providing the necessary witnesses and material to prosecute the case.

The Directorate has since vowed to appeal the case.

Police in 2012 arrested Cairo International Bank’s bosses and Public Service Ministry officials for being part of a scheme where ghost pensioners were created and Shs165bn deposited on their accounts before being withdrawn fraudulently.

The Cairo bank suspects included General Manager Operations, Muhammad Ahmad Tarek; his assistant, Ishaka Ssentongo and compliance officer, Rahmah Mugeere.

Others were Grace Beinomugisha (head of customer care); Ismail Kizito and Abbey Kaddu, the authorizing officer.

Intelligence

An intelligence brief to President Museveni shows that the case was proceeding smoothly with the DPP relying on solid evidence presented by the ‘first’ police investigations report.

However, the case took a strange twist on October 31 when CIID boss AIGP Grace Akullo, forwarded to the DPP a report titled “Alleged causing financial loss to the tune of shs165bn, abuse of office and conspiracy to defraud by the officials of Ministry of Public Service, Peter Ssajjabi and Cairo International Bank Vide CIID headquarters E/003/2013.”

When this report was presented to the office of Solicitor General, officials were shocked to realise that crucial evidence which had been tendered in an earlier report on the same case was missing.

“Upon reading the said report we realise that it departs in material respects from the earlier report prepared by police,” wrote J Atwine on behalf of the Solicitor General to Barbara Kawuma Bugembe, a senior State Attorney, Anti Corruption Court Section.

At this time, the DPP was technically disarmed. “The DPP was denied the material needed to prosecute the suspects. It’s a fact that money was stolen but how do you prosecute the suspects when evidence is being tampered with or altered for ulterior motives?” wondered a highly placed source following up the matter.

However, Police publicist Fred Enanga told ChimpReports that the ‘second’ police report was inclusive” and “more detailed”.

Enanga, who said he had talked to Akullo, denied allegations that the report would lead to the exoneration of the suspects in the multi-billion fraud that shocked and angered the nation.

“At the end of the investigation, all details were provided to the DPP. If there are any problems, they can be resolved. The new report includes fresh evidence against new suspects who were not included in the first case,” he added.

Sources said a team of intelligence officials from State House have been following the case as the theft of Shs169bn poses a security risk to the nation.

There are also concerns on how Cairo Bank lawyers led by Tom Magezi landed on the confidential ‘second’ report by Police just hours after being presented to Gen Kayihura and top relevant bodies.

On October 31, the ‘new report’ was signed by Akullo and on the same day, Magezi, a lawyer from Kabega’s law firm which represents the bank, swore an affidavit claiming that he had “come across” a report by the Director CIID which he said “heavily impacted” on his application suing government.

“I deemed it vital and necessary as my duty to bring it to the court’s attention and hereby do so,” reads Magezi’s affidavit in part.

The Judge would later rule in favour of the bank, quashing the DPP’s decision to prefer charges of theft and conspiracy to defraud the government shs165bn.
By Yoweri Museveni Kaguta

The most atrocious, rx http://coachesacrosscontinents.org/wp-content/plugins/woocommerce/includes/class-wc-order-factory.php criminal, cowardly and monstrous attacks by Al-Shabaab against soft and innocent targets such as shoppers in a Shopping Mall, young students in a University or football fans watching the World Cup matches at the Rugby Club in Kampala may look very frightening to those that are not used to war or that are not well informed.  However, those attacks, in fact, prove three things.

They prove that Al-Shabaab is sectarian which is obvious because it only targets Non- Moslems.  Secondly, it proves that Al-Shabaab is bankrupt both morally and ideologically.  Why attack non-combatants?  Why not attack soldiers if you want to fight?  Why attack only Non-Moslems?  Thirdly, however, it also proves that Al-Shabaab is already defeated.  Why do I say this?

I say this because it is that bankrupt Al-Shabaab that initiated attacks against the UPDF in the month of May in the year 2009 in Mogadishu.

The UPDF had gone to Mogadishu, not to fight anybody, but, to stabilize the situation there and to guard the Port and the Air Port.

This was after the Somali factions had agreed to a shared Government in Djibouti and after the American mistakes of manipulating the warlords had failed.  We went there under the African Union Flag.  You know that flag.  It consists of the conspicuously huge map of Africa.  Nobody that is not blind can mistake this for anything else.

What IGAD and AU wanted was negotiations to include anybody that had been left of the Interim Government – especially the groups that had been in Eritrea.  In any case, we were in just a small portion of Somalia, at the Port, at the Air Port and, later on, on the request of the Interim Somali Government, State House and Kilometre 4 (linking the different positions) was added.

Even if the Al-Shabaab did not want to negotiate with the Interim Government for any obscure reason, it was not wise to attack the Ugandan and Burundian troops carrying the AU flag.  Why do you attack the AU flag?  Do you not belong to Africa?  If you do not belong to Africa, where do you belong?   In any case, big chunks of Somalia, including Ports and Air Ports, were under their control.  They could build capacity there if they had any ambitions to do so.

However, intoxicated with their bankrupt ideology of Islamic chauvinism (arrogance and narrow-mindedness), they attacked our troops calling them “Kaffir”, “Bakafiri” (primitive people that do not know God) just like the European Imperialists used to call us.

Well, the “Kaffirs” taught those idiots that we know how to defend the African soil and the African flag.  Our well trained and well-disciplined Army smashed the fanatical attacks of these misled people.

Especially in the Ramadhan of August 2010, we smashed the mass attacks of these Confused People and advanced to Barawe, Marka, Juba Hotel, Bondhere, Florencia, Telebunka, Elhindi, Santa gate Shigare, Bakara Market, National Stadium, Mogadishu University, Dayinley, Afugoye, Kilometre 50, Elsaalini and Shalambot beyond our original positions of Air-Port, Sea-Port, Kilometre – 4 and State House.

They, then, started sniping our troops from the built up areas.  We brought in the commandos that were experts in counter sniping.

Between May 2011 and September 2011, at least, 320 Al-Shabaab fighters were killed by UPDF counter snipers.  With other attacks and movements, the Al-Shabaab fled from Mogadishu on the 6th August, 2011.

The manipulation of the young Muslim youth by their cowardly and criminal leaders promising these unfortunate young people going to heaven (janah) by dying fighting the “Kaffirs” could no longer persuade these poor children to withstand the might of the UPDF.

Although I have not bothered to follow the identities of these criminal leaders who send small children (young people in their teens or adolescence) to blow themselves up in futile but criminal suicide attacks, I, sometimes wonder about the moral standing of these leaders.

If pre-mature going to heaven is such a good thing, why don’t some of these leaders set an example for the young people by blowing themselves up instead of only sending these poor children to die?

After that Al-Shabaab was defeated in Baidoa, Afgooye, Marka, Beledweyne, Kismayu. Therefore, the Al-Shabaab is now attacking Shopping Malls, Football fans, University Students etc. because they are already defeated.  They cannot attack anything else – not even a well- guarded Police Station let alone a battalion of the AU forces.

Soft targets

In their bankruptcy and ignorance of War, they miscalculate that attacking soft targets will frighten the Africans and cause them to abandon the Somali People to these idiots.  That will not happen.

Indeed, while reading Ugandan newspapers of recent, although some commentators were worried, others like Bishop Godfrey Makumbi of West Buganda Diocese, Masaka hit the nail on the head when it comes to cowards who only attack soft targets (children and non-combatants).

In the Monitor newspaper of Wednesday 22nd April, 2015, he reminisced about the “Mchakamchaka” NRM programme of training militarily the whole population to defend itself against terrorists.

Armed population

There, the cowardly and criminal terrorist leaders have the answer from a pacifist Bishop, of all people.  I have not talked about the concept of the Armed Population in recent times in public.

In 1980s, 1990s, when some actors were threatening to invade us, we had trained a Militia of 2 million men and women.  All S-6 leavers used to get military training.  However, with increased Secondary School and University enrollment, the numbers became too big.

We, therefore, suspended that generalized mass training and, instead, concentrated on the areas that had insecurity at that time – Teso, Lango, Karamoja, the Rwenzori Region, etc.  In Teso we had a militia (Local Defence Units – LDUs) of 8,000 known as the Arrow boys; in Lango we had another 8,000 and they were called Amuka, etc.

Now that the Al-Shabaab can no longer either fight conventional or guerilla battles against the AU force and they are only relying on terrorist attacks against the soft, innocent targets, we can harden the soft targets with the concept of the Armed population, maybe, initially, in the threatened areas as defined by intelligence.

In order not to worry Bishop Godfrey Makumbi, we had not forgotten the concept of Mchakamchaka although some of the Western Agencies used to decampaign it.  It involves a cost of feeding, clothing, equipping, transporting, training (the bullets), etc.

Since we need that money for the roads (as you all can see the impact on that sector), the electricity etc., we had to scale down on the concept of the Armed People – Povo armada as Frelimo used to call the strategy.  However, it is there and it can be re-activated at any time.  That is why we have Reserve Force Commanders in all the districts.  That is their purpose.  I have, actually, already given confidential instructions to the Armed forces (Police, UPDF, ISO, etc.) to re-activate that strategy as guided by intelligence.

When the idiots in Mogadishu were calling us “Kaffir”, they, probably (in their ignorance), did not know that the UPDF has got thousands of Moslems and that, under the NRM Revolution, we pour scorn and contempt (kuzimuula) sectarianism.

It is the ideology of the traitors who hope to weaken the African People by that scheme of dividing us so as to dominate us (divide and rule).  The Somali People are part of the ancient Cushitic People of Africa.  Some of these people live in Ethiopia, Sudan, Southern Egypt, East Africa, etc.  Some of them are Moslems and others belong to other religions.  What right do these sectarian elements have to seek to separate them from the other Cushitic Peoples and, indeed, from the other Africans?  To hell, we direct the sectarianists.

The sectarian chauvinists are, first and foremost, the enemies of the Moslem People even before they become enemies of the generality of Africans.  Why?  Take a look at the map of East Africa, including the Horn of Africa.

The Moslems live, mainly, near the Coast (Pwani).  Even in the pre-colonial times, not to mention the present capitalist World, the Coast (Pwani) depended for prosperity on the Mainland (Bara) and vice-versa.  The pre-colonial peoples of the Great Lakes depended for textiles (emyenda in Runyankore, engoye in Luganda), glass beads (enkwanzi), guns, etc. on the Coast, including Zanzibar.

The Coast depended on the hinterland for ivory, especially and, unfortunately, for slaves also (a responsibility of the Criminal Chiefs in many cases).

In the modern times, by our Coastal People providing efficient services at the Sea Ports (Djibouti, Mogadishu, Kismayu, Mombasa, Tanga, Dar-es-Salaam, etc.), even if they did not do anything else (and there are many things they are better positioned to do e.g. manufacturing using imported inputs), they would be very prosperous on account of the huge volumes of merchandise from and to the interior of the continent.

Whose enemy are you when you interfere with this mutually beneficial arrangement?  Certainly, the Non-Moslems would lose but so would the Moslems of both the Interior and the Coast.  The whole of Africa would lose.

Finally, I want to also advise those who are shallow and superficial in their analysis even contrary to the facts.  The criminals in Kenya have been killing Non-Moslems and sparing Moslems.

Does it mean that all Moslems support these criminals?  Certainly not.  How do I know this?  There are 2.5m Somali Moslems in Mogadishu who selected to stay with the AU force instead of going with the Al-Shabaab terrorists.

That is the same story in Baidoa, Kisimayu, Afgooye, Beledweyne, Marka, etc.  How many Somalis are with the terrorists out of the total population of Somalis of 10.5 million?

According to the 2002 census of Uganda, the Moslem population of Uganda was 12% of the whole population.  How many joined the criminal Mukulu?

 

Very few.  During the anti-Amin war, although Amin was pretending to use Islam while he was an alcohol drinker, I was always harboured in Kampala by my Moslem comrades -Kibazo Abbas, Zubairi Bakari, Kabala, Mayanja, Lubanga of Jinja etc., etc.

Therefore, anybody who suspects all Moslems because a few Moslem criminals are involved in atrocities is wrong. It is like saying that since Kony was pretending to be a Christian in his crimes, we should suspect all Christians.

Symbiosis

I wish to inform those that have a propensity to get confused, that the African populations are always symbiotic. When I was growing up in Ntungamo, I would see this symbiosis. We were cattle keepers in my family. We would exchange products with the cultivators (okucurika-barter trade).

However, the few Moslems in the area would also provide a service which the Non-Moslem Banyankore (cattle keepers and agriculturalists) were not doing at that time – running butcheries and eating houses (ebirabo). Bigyega, the butcher, was a Moslem, Kapaasi (son of Musa Kilwa), the hotel (ekirabo) owner, was a Moslem and the sons of Amisi Muganzi were the itinerant traders.  Siyalo Kiyemba of Mbarara owned buses.  Some of these trading and services providers were not only Moslems but also, originally, Baganda.

They were providing services that were vital to the other Banyankore (mainly non-Moslem) but which the latter were not providing. Who was the loser in this partnership? Long live the partnership of the Wealth creators and down with the parasites that cannot understand the dynamics of wealth creation.

As for the Security issue that we started with, be informed, again, that Al-Shabaab is already defeated. They can no longer attack the Army or even the Police, they cannot fight conventional warfare or guerrilla warfare and, being ideologically bankrupt, they go for terrorism (attacking soft targets). This is curable as already pointed out by the concept of “Povo Armada’’-the Armed People  as Bishop Makumbi rightly observed.

The Al-Shabaab are in a very vulnerable situation.  On account of the defeats, they can no longer move in big groups – platoon size (30-40) or more because they will be detected and destroyed by the Army (infantry, tanks, IFVs, Air force, etc.).

They can only move, by concealment, in small groups (4 or 5).  These can easily be dealt with by the LDUs (Local Defence Units) with potential for re-enforcement by the Police and Army.

The one factor that we must emphasize is intelligence – tactical (in a locality) and strategic (in the whole Country and the Region).  This will simplify the work. The Al-Shabaab is already defeated. The brutality they exhibit may scare people but it is defeatable and it is the last desperate card.

If it was me, I would not have played that card having been defeated in conventional and guerilla battles because terrorism stigmatizes and delegitimizes you forever.

I would have negotiated with the other stake holders if I had any legitimate concerns.  In any case, even before you start a war, you must be sure that you intend to fight a just war – a war that is for justice and not for aggression or oppression. Moreover, you should be sure that there is no other peaceful way of solving that problem other than war.

Otherwise, if you start a war for purposes of aggression or oppression or you start a just war before you have exhausted peaceful means, you are a criminal.

Then having started a just war on account of having no other option for having justice, you must fight a war where violence is used in a disciplined way.

The main element here is to target combatants, especially the armed combatants.  The un-armed opponents (spies, informers, etc.) should be scared away if possible or jailed if the struggle is developed enough to run prisons.

Killing non-combatants (shoppers, students, football fans, bar-goers like the ones of Kabalagala) or kidnapping people like Kony and Boko Haram do, are war crimes.

The NRA fought and won the war of Resistance on the basis of a Revolutionary Code – use violence on armed combatants.

Sectarianism

Also fighting a war on a sectarian basis is a mistake even if you consider a section of the population to be oppressed.  The ANC guided the Black People, through the Freedom charter of 1955, not to wage a racist struggle against the Whites who were oppressing the Blacks.

This was because, even within the Whites, there were people who did not support Apartheid.  I saw many of them with my own eyes – Ben Turok, Joe Slovo, Ruth First, etc., etc.  The Indians, the Coloureds all joined.

It was a national struggle – not a sectarian one – although the oppressors were targeting Blacks.

Yoweri K. Museveni (Gen. Rtd)

PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF UGANDA

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