South Sudan

War Looms as Machar, Kiir Talks Crumble Again

Machar in Addis Ababa recently for the peace talks

Africa has described the failed International Criminal Court (ICC) case against President Uhuru Kenyatta as a major victory for the entire Continent.

African leaders congregating at the 24th Extra-Ordinary Summit of the African Union in Addis Ababa, for sale http://daniellebinks.com/wp-admin/includes/continents-cities.php Ethiopia on Friday said the ICC debacle against President Kenyatta was a win-win situation against the forces of international impunity and injustice.

“The victory for Kenyatta is victory for all Africa”, http://centerforblackbelt.org/wp-includes/bookmark.php said the outgoing AU chairperson and President of Mauritania Mr. Mohamed Ould Abdelaziz when he addressed the opening session of the summit attended by over 30 heads of state including President Kenyatta.

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The AU groups all the 53 African countries except Morocco which is not a member.

The AU chairperson underlined the urgency to operationalise the proposed Africa Court of Justice to provide African solutions to African problems.

The ICC recently dropped all criminal charges against President Kenyatta for lack of evidence. Prosecution said it had failed to obtain enough evidence necessary to convict Uhuru.

The Hague-based court further blamed Kenyan government for not providing the needed evidence and obstructing its work.

However, the case against Deputy President William Ruto and radio journalist Joshua Sang is ongoing at the Hague , Netherlands.

For the last six years since the onset of the Kenyan cases at the ICC, Nairobi has been pushing for a comprehensive overhaul of the Rome Statute to ensure that its mechanisms duly recognize African realities and socio-political context with regard to conflict resolution, justice, accountability and political stability.

 

And because these efforts have not succeeded, Kenya has indicated that it will associate itself with the new initiative to establish an African International justice mechanism that handles African challenges from an African perspective.

President Kenyatta is expected to make a statement on the ICC issue when he addresses the AU summit before it closes on Saturday.

Meanwhile, Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe was Friday elected the new chairperson of the AU.

Mugabe’s election is seen as a major statement by the AU especially because the Zimbabwean leader is among some of the most criticized presidents from Africa for his uncompromising stand on neo-colonialism, injustice and impunity by the Western Nations.

The Summit is also being attended by several Presidents and Heads of State from the Middle East including Palestine. United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki Moon also addressed the Summit.

The UN boss asked political leaders who had been rejected at the ballot box to honor the decisions of the voters and leave office.

He said there were concerns worldwide about some leaders who try to cling to power when their term ends.

“I share those concerns. Undemocratic constitutional changes and legal loopholes should never be used to cling to power”, said Ki Moon.

He urged all leaders in Africa and around the world to listen to their people and their wishes.

“Modern leaders cannot afford to ignore the wishes of those they represent”, he said

Ki Moon also asked AU member States to stand for accountability, which he said was critical to end impunity and for post-conflict reconciliation.
The South Sudanese warring leaders have yet again failed to agree on power sharing, this site http://coffinpump.com/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-ms-sites-list-table.php pushing the IGAD Summit on the war-torn country for the second day, http://dentistryatthepark.com/wp-admin/includes/class-pclzip.php heightening security tensions in the youngest nation in the world.

The 29th Extra-Ordinary Summit of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) that was scheduled to find lasting solutions to the conflict -ravaged South Sudan was put off on Thursday.

The summit was formally postponed after hours of consultations between the Heads of State and Government from the IGAD bloc on the one side and the two sides of the South Sudan Conflict.

It was hoped that Machar and Kiir would meet on Friday to iron out their differences to enable the signing of a power transition deal and agree on the roadmap for the reunification of the SPLA/M party.

Sources in Addis Ababa from both conflicting parties and the mediator IGAD told ChimpReports on Saturday morning that the consultation meeting between the duo and the IGAD representatives did not achieve a common position just like the Thursday event where Presidents Museveni, http://curarlaimpotencia.com/wp-content/plugins/contact-form-7/includes/shortcodes.php Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya and Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn reportedly left unhappy.

“President Kiir and Dr. Machar did not agree this evening on the same three issues of Government – structure, power sharing and security arrangement. This is exactly what we experienced on Thursday,” a source from IGAD who attended the meeting but asked not be named since he is not authorized to speak to press, said on Saturday morning.

Machar’s spokesperson, James Dak Gatdet, also confirmed the development.

“The two rival principals in South Sudan, Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon, Chairman and Commander-in-Chief of SPLM/SPLA, and President Salva Kiir Mayardit, did not reach an agreement last evening (Friday) in Addis Ababa,” he said today.

“They are scheduled to resume this morning (Saturday) to try and resolve on the contentious issues before the IGAD summit likely in the evening.”

He opined that, “Unfortunately, IGAD’s dictated proposal on leadership structure and power-sharing arrangements has hardened Salva Kiir’s intransigence and is unwilling to compromise. IGAD has put the cart before the horse and killed the model Arusha roadmap. Now Salva Kiir thinks he has secured a blessing from IGAD not to compromise and make a lasting peace.”

This website understands that President Museveni, who was reportedly angered by Machar’s uncompromising stance in the IGAD talks, left South Sudan on Friday to Uganda.

The President was received on arrival at Entebbe International Airport by the Chief of Staff of Air Force, Col. James Birungi, among others.

Insiders say the possibility of a fully-fledged war appears more imminent than ever before, with SPLA amassing troops near the rebel-held territory.

Rebel spokesperson, Brig Lul Koang, said this week government forces were advancing to their areas with heavy artillery and large numbers of forces.

Issues

The unresolved issues on the South Sudan agenda include demands by some of the protagonists for a structured transitional government of national unity with a pre-determined ratio of power sharing.

The other issues causing conflict between the two sides include adequate and mutually agreeable political reforms ahead of the all-inclusive elections scheduled for May this year.

The two sides to the conflict are also yet to agree on the restructuring of the security arrangements considering that each side of the protagonists has its own armed security forces.

They are yet to work on a method to harmonize security forces from the two sides.

The two sides in the conflict are yet to agree on how the massive humanitarian crisis obtaining in the country will be handled.

There are also international concerns that the two sides are yet to embrace calls for total cessation of hostilities.

The fighting in South Sudan has since left a trail of unprecedented bloodshed and colossal destruction of property.

Power struggle

Meanwhile, a representative from the rebel side also known as SPLA- In Opposition also said his party couldn’t agree on a power sharing where their leader Dr. Machar is going back to his previous position of Prime Minister to serve under a President, Vice President and Deputy Vice President.

The move is seen as an attempt to weaken the position of Prime Minister which will be handed to Machar.

Over 20,000 people are estimated to have died in the conflict while over a million displaced internally and 600,000 people to neighboring countries.

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