Kwibuka21 to Focus on Fighting Genocide Revisionism

Rwanda will on April 7 remember lives lost in the 1994 genocide

A federal grand jury in Pittsburgh, sildenafil drug United States, sildenafil has indicted four people in connection with an international counterfeit currency operation headquartered in Uganda, physician David J. Hickton, United States Attorney for the Western District of Pennsylvania, announced this week.

The indictment, returned on April 1, charges Ryan Andrew Gustafson, aka Jack Farrel, aka Willy Clock, 27, a U.S. citizen currently incarcerated in Kampala, Uganda; Zackary L. Ruiz, aka Mr. Mouse, 18, of Las Vegas, Nevada; Jeremy J. Miller, aka Sinner, 30, of Seattle, Washington; and Michael Q. Lin, aka Mlin, aka Mr. Casino, 20, of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, with conspiracy and counterfeiting acts committed within and outside of the United States from December 2013 until December 2014.

“Today we announce the dismantling of an international cyber conspiracy in which Ugandan-made counterfeit Federal Reserve Notes were being advertised, bought and sold through online criminal forums then passed in coffee shops and corner stores in neighborhoods across our country,” stated U.S. Attorney Hickton.

“Working cooperatively with law enforcement partners in the United States and abroad, we were able to quickly infiltrate and disrupt this counterfeit trafficking network and limit losses.”

Gustafson’s misdeeds were busted by Ugandan operatives after his suspected accomplice Christopher Kojo made an exchange of dollars at Speke Hotel. It later turned out that the dollars were fake.

Kojo jumped onto a motorcycle before being followed, discretely by intelligence officers to Namugongo, Wakiso District. He entered a house which was at this time surrounded by the agents.

The intelligence squad entered the house where it found Kojo together with Gustafan and his wife.

During the search of the premises, Police discovered a lot of items including boxes of fake currency notes with many of them in US Dollar and Ugandan shillings currency, equipment like computers and jerry can of liquids alleged to be chemicals used in making fake notes.

The hearing of the case is currently before Buganda Road Chief Magistrate’s court.

Eric P. Zahren, Special Agent in Charge, U.S. Secret Service Pittsburgh Field Office, said this week that, “The early and aggressive application of traditional and cyber investigative expertise and the cooperation and assistance of numerous domestic and international law enforcement agencies in this case led to the quick and efficient identification of conspirators in a widespread cyber-based counterfeiting network.”

He further stated the arrests “minimized financial losses in the United States and elsewhere, consistent with our charge to protect our currency, our commerce and, ultimately, our communities.”

According to the indictment, in late December 2013, Ryan Gustafson created his own Dark Web website called Community-X, which was dedicated to the manufacturing, selling, buying, distribution and passing of counterfeit Federal Reserve Notes (FRNs), which he claimed to have manufactured.


The website contained forums where members discussed the counterfeit bills and shared tips on how best to pass, ship and distribute counterfeit FRNs.

In September 2014, Gustafson redesigned this website into two different sites, a Community-X HQ site, with controlled access, and a Community-X Recruitment Center site, which was accessible to the public. Gustafson, Ruiz and Miller were active members of both sites. Lin was only a member of the Recruitment Site.

Gustafson and others allegedly sold these counterfeit FRNs to purchasers in the United States. From December 2013 through February 2014, an associate of Gustafson sent DHL packages containing these counterfeit FRNs to individuals in the United States.

After February 2014, Gustafson had the counterfeit FRNs smuggled into the United States by hiding the counterfeit FRNs in glued together pages of fake charity pamphlets.

The indictment alleges that Ruiz, Miller and Lin had varied levels of roles and responsibilities as participants in the conspiracy.

In particular, the indictment alleges that Ruiz and others unpacked the counterfeit FRNs; that Ruiz, Miller and others treated the counterfeit FRNs to prepare them for passing and used the United States Postal Service to mail the treated FRNs to re-shippers and to purchasers; and that Lin was a purchaser of the FRNs, who offered a guide on how to pass the counterfeit notes through casinos.

The indictment alleges more than $1.4 million in counterfeit FRNs have been seized and passed worldwide, both overseas and in the U.S. as part of this scheme.

Gustafson was charged by Ugandan authorities on Dec. 16, 2014, with conspiracy, possession of counterfeit, selling/dealing in counterfeit, and unlawful possession of ammunition. He is presently on trial in Uganda on their charges.

The law provides for a maximum total sentence of five years in prison, a fine of $250,000, or both, on the conspiracy count; a maximum total sentence of 20 years in prison, a fine of $250,000, or both, on the conspiracy to commit money laundering count; and a maximum total sentence of 20 years in prison, a fine of 250,000, or both, on each of the passing and receiving counterfeit money counts.

Under the Federal Sentencing Guidelines, the actual sentence imposed would be based upon the seriousness of the offense and the prior criminal history, if any, of the defendant.

U.S. Attorney Hickton commended numerous agencies and organizations for conducting the investigation leading to charges in this case, including the U.S. Secret Service in Pittsburgh, Los Angeles, Calif., Seattle, Wash., Las Vegas, Nevada, Philadelphia, Pa., Denver, Colo., Charlotte, N.C., Raleigh, N.C., Phoenix, Ariz., Baltimore, Md., Minnesota, Miami, Fla., Washington, D.C., Cincinnati, Ohio, Rome, Italy, Pretoria, South Africa, and the Criminal Investigative Division in Washington, D.C.; the U.S. State Department; the U.S. Postal Inspection Service in Pittsburgh, Seattle, Las Vegas, Philadelphia, and Charlotte; the Federal Bureau of Investigation – Pittsburgh Division; Homeland Security Investigations in Pittsburgh, Baltimore and Cincinnati; U.S. Customs and Border Protection; and the National Cyber-Forensics & Training Alliance.

Assistant U.S. Attorney Shardul S. Desai is prosecuting this case on behalf of the government.

An indictment is an accusation. A defendant is presumed to be innocent until and unless proven guilty.
On 7 April 2015, order Rwandans across the country will commemorate the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi for the 21st time.

They will honour the million lives lost in a hundred days. Known as ‘Kwibuka’ – the Kinyarwanda word for ‘remember’ – this year’s commemoration will focus on fighting Genocide denial and revisionism.

Officials said both the mourning week and the 100 days of commemoration period will be an opportunity to enhance historical clarity, see get closer to genocide survivors – especially the most vulnerable, as well as empathise with them towards surmounting the country’s tragic history. This will also be an occasion to recognise rescuers.

The Executive Secretary of the National Commission for the Fight against Genocide (CNLG), Dr. Jean-Damascene Bizimana said that events to mark the 21st Commemoration of the Genocide against the Tutsi nationwide will be held at village level.

“Holding commemoration events at village level intends to instill in our grass-roots communities a sense of ownership. Communities will come together to reflect on the country’s tragic history in general, and the Genocide against the Tutsi in particular. This will be a special opportunity to visit, support and console genocide survivors countrywide. This is an occasion to discuss and seek lasting solutions to issues facing vulnerable genocide survivors,” he observed.

Dr. Bizimana said that this year’s commemoration will focus on fighting genocide denial and revisionism.

“Denying is the last step of genocide. To ensure that ‘Never Again’ becomes a reality, we must fight Genocide deniers and revisionists whoever and wherever they are. Those who deny the Genocide do so not out of ignorance, but rather as a premeditated act.  As Rwandans, fighting denial is our responsibility.”

Rwanda recently suspended BBC services over the genocide denial and revisionist documentary.

On the 7 April, President Paul Kagame will join families from across the country and special guests from around the world to honour the memory of those who perished in the Genocide against the Tutsi.

The Guest of Honour will light the National Flame of Mourning that will burn for 100 days. The flame will be lit at the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre. In the evening, grass-roots communities will gather at village level to visit and provide support to vulnerable genocide survivors.

Throughout the commemoration week, citizens will gather in all villages nationwide to reflect on the country’s history, and discuss different genocide-related topics focusing on fighting genocide denial. The mourning week will end on 13 April 2015, while the commemoration period will continue for 100 days.


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