How Deceased Boutros Boutros-Ghali Facilitated Rwandan Genocide

former Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali places a flower wreath next to a shed in which lie the remains of civilians massacred in the genocide.

President Yoweri Museveni on Tuesday afternoon held his second last rally in the capital Kampala at the Kololo Independence grounds, treat where he promised victory to thousands of his supporters and urged them to guard next Thursday’s election against rigging.

President Museveni, information pills who later proceeded to his final rally in Mukono South, approved sounded a warning to opposition elements who he said were attacking, threatening and harming some NRM supporters in Kampala.

“I have heard that there are people who are intimidating you, knocking you with bodabodas, beating you up; others have been killed,” he said.

The president’s warning came a day after a violent brawl in Kampala, where a one person was shot dead as supporters of the leading opposition candidate Col Kizza Besigye fought with police.

Museveni said attacking people for belonging to NRM was reckless. “I told you that a stupid dog hunts an elephant. Those people are going to regret their actions,” he added.

At the close of his nationwide campaign, Museveni said he had visited a total of 293 counties, in all of which the NRM would win highly.

He urged his supporters after sending him back to State House, to accompany him with many NRM Members of Parliament, to help him pass laws with much ease and fast truck government programs better.

On the issues affecting the people of Kampala, President Museveni promised to ensure that the KCCA executive director Mrs. Jenifer Musisi waters down her “bitterness” in trying to address the challenges of Kampala.

While Musisi is said to have properly handled the issue of corruption at the Authority, the president noted that he had received information that her methods of operation are usually hurting to the city dwellers.

Museveni said that he was fully aware of the corruption elsewhere in the country, but this would not stop him from continuing to work for its transformation.

“I am the father of this family called Uganda. I have worked hard to provide for it. But when I harvest millet and put it in the barns, sometimes rodents come and eat some. But these cannot stop me from going back the following year to cultivate and being in more harvest as I look for traps to catch the rodents,” he added.

Museveni further attacked city arcade owners who overcharge their tenants especially on electricity bills. He also stressed that charging rent in US dollars as is the practice in most arcades is unfair and should be stopped.

“What will punish these arcade owners is when we finally set up low cost shops where local income traders who are tired of exploitation can work from.

He also reemphasized his recent directive that bars police from arresting people who are ‘idle and disorderly.’

“You cannot be idle and disorderly in your own country,” he noted.
Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta has paid tribute to former United Nations Secretary General Boutrous Boutrous-Ghali who died in Cairo on Tuesday.

Boutros-Ghali, story a veteran Egyptian diplomat, was the first UN Secretary General from the African Continent.

President Kenyatta eulogised Boutros-Ghali for the important United Nations reform proposals initiated during his tenure.

The former UN chief is remembered for the proposals he made in two major reports to the General Assembly – “An Agenda for Peace” and “An Agenda for Development.”

“Boutros Ghali was innovative in his thinking and his proposals have had impact in areas such as peacekeeping,” the President said.

An academic and former Vice Foreign Minister of Egypt, Boutros-Ghali oversaw the UN at a time when it dealt with several world crises, including the break-up of Yugoslavia and the Rwandan Genocide.

He was then the first Secretary-General of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie from November 1997 to December 2002.

Elected in 1991 as Secretary-General, the top post of the UN, Boutros-Ghali’s term in office remains controversial. In 1992, he submitted An Agenda for Peace, a suggestion for how the UN could respond to violent conflict.

However, he was criticised for the UN’s failure to act during the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, which officially left over one million people dead, and he appeared unable to muster support in the UN for intervention in the continuing Angolan Civil War.

Rwanda genocide

The former Secretary-General of the United Nations, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, played a leading role in supplying weapons to the Hutu regime which carried out a campaign of genocide against the Tutsis in Rwanda in 1994.

As Minister of Foreign Affairs in Egypt, Boutros-Ghali facilitated an arms deal in 1990, which was to result in $26 million (£18m) of mortar bombs, rocket launchers, grenades and ammunition being flown from Cairo to Rwanda. The arms were used by Hutus in attacks which led to up to a million deaths.

The role of Boutros-Ghali, who was in charge at the UN when it turned its back on the killings in 1994, is revealed in a book by Linda Melvern.

In A People Betrayed: The Role of the West in Rwanda’s Genocide, Boutros-Ghali admits his role in approving an initial $5.8 million arms deal in 1990, which led to Egypt supplying arms to Rwanda until 1992. He says he approved it because it was his job as Foreign Minister to sell weapons for Egypt.

The deal was never disclosed: the weapons were smuggled into Rwanda disguised as relief material.

At the time there was an international outcry at human rights abuses by the Hutu government as thousands of Tutsi were massacred.

Asked about the wisdom of an arms deal at such a sensitive time, Boutros-Ghali said he did not think that a ‘few thousand guns would have changed the situation’. His contacts with the Hutu regime have never been investigated.

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