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EU and African Leaders during the European Union - Africa Summit

Kenya President Uhuru Kenyatta has urged politicians to shun divisive politics and join hands in serving Kenyans irrespective of party affiliation.

The President said Jubilee was a Government for all Kenyans and that was why he and Deputy President William Ruto were initiating development projects across the country without discrimination.

“Democracy demands that we have elections after every five years but once the elections are over and Kenyans have made their choice, visit this site hospital http://ccrail.com/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-list-table-compat.php leaders have to shelve their differences and work together to develop the country, ailment http://coachypnose.fr/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/sync/class.jetpack-sync-module-comments.php ” President Kenyatta said.

President Kenyatta spoke Saturday in Bungoma where he opened the Lwakhakha border post to boost security, cost http://cikza.com/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/sync/class.jetpack-sync-module-network-options.php trade and co-operation between Kenya and Uganda for the benefit of the people of the two countries living along the border.

The President also launched the upgrading of Lwakhakha – Sirisia – Chwele road and appealed to Bungoma residents to take advantage of the infrastructure to improve their economy.

He said the road will increase the volume of business in the area once more travellers to Uganda and South Sudan start using it upon its completion.

The President disclosed that he had discussed with Uganda President Yoweri Museveni who assured that the road from Mbale, on the Uganda side, to the Lwakhakha border post tarmacked to ease cross-border transport.

President Kenyatta – who was accompanied by the Deputy President, Bungoma Governor Kenneth Lusaka and other leaders from the Western region – appealed to politicians to focus on development and serving Kenyans instead of dwelling on divisive politics.

“Elections will come and go but Kenya will remain. That is why once we are done with elections, as leaders, we need to get down to development and serving the electorate even if they did not vote for us,” President Kenyatta said.

Addressing residents when he made stopovers at Sirisia, Chwele and Mayanja markets, the Head of State emphasised that the Government will not waver in its focus to develop all parts of the country equally.

He cited the implementation of infrastructure, health, water and agriculture projects across the country as testimony of the Government’s commitment to improving the lives of Kenyans.

Electricity

On electricity, President Kenyatta noted that when the Jubilee Government came to office, only 2 million households were connected to electricity but now the figure has risen to 4 million.

He said the Government’s primary school electricity project was on course and by early next year all primary schools in the country will be connected to electricity.

The Head of State pointed out that the Kenya Government, in collaboration with the Italian Government, was also implementing Chesikai water project that will benefit Bungoma residents.

He said the Government has also secured Sh600 million for water projects in Bungoma county from the Korean Government.

“This shows our commitment to serve all Kenyans equally. We believe that if we develop Bungoma, we are developing whole of Kenya,” President Kenyatta said.

He said the Government also increased allocation to the education sector and catered for exam fees for all students in public primary and secondary school to ease the fees burden and ensure that no one is denied the right to take the important exams.

Deputy President Ruto reminded that the country will not achieve its development targets and Kenyans will not receive the services they voted for unless leaders devote their time to development instead of endless politics.

“Elections are over and the Jubilee Government is working for all Kenyans. Let us join hands and develop our country,” the Deputy President said.

He disclosed that the Government has allocated Sh100 million for the construction of Sirisia Technical Institute, adding that the Government was keen on putting up technical institutes in every constituency to provide skills that will enable the youth to engage in gainful activities.

The Deputy President said the Government had also connected electricity to 650 out of the 705 primary schools in Bungoma County, adding that the remaining 55 will get electricity before the end of January next year.

Governor Lusaka and Sirisia Member of Parliament John Waluke assured President Kenyatta and Deputy President Ruto of the Western residents’ support, noting that the region has experienced more development now than during any other regime.
Kenya President Uhuru Kenyatta has urged politicians to shun divisive politics and join hands in serving Kenyans irrespective of party affiliation.

The President said Jubilee was a Government for all Kenyans and that was why he and Deputy President William Ruto were initiating development projects across the country without discrimination.

“Democracy demands that we have elections after every five years but once the elections are over and Kenyans have made their choice, look http://ccalliance.org/wp-admin/includes/update-core.php leaders have to shelve their differences and work together to develop the country, viagra 40mg ” President Kenyatta said.

President Kenyatta spoke Saturday in Bungoma where he opened the Lwakhakha border post to boost security, trade and co-operation between Kenya and Uganda for the benefit of the people of the two countries living along the border.

The President also launched the upgrading of Lwakhakha – Sirisia – Chwele road and appealed to Bungoma residents to take advantage of the infrastructure to improve their economy.

He said the road will increase the volume of business in the area once more travellers to Uganda and South Sudan start using it upon its completion.

The President disclosed that he had discussed with Uganda President Yoweri Museveni who assured that the road from Mbale, on the Uganda side, to the Lwakhakha border post tarmacked to ease cross-border transport.

President Kenyatta – who was accompanied by the Deputy President, Bungoma Governor Kenneth Lusaka and other leaders from the Western region – appealed to politicians to focus on development and serving Kenyans instead of dwelling on divisive politics.

“Elections will come and go but Kenya will remain. That is why once we are done with elections, as leaders, we need to get down to development and serving the electorate even if they did not vote for us,” President Kenyatta said.

Addressing residents when he made stopovers at Sirisia, Chwele and Mayanja markets, the Head of State emphasised that the Government will not waver in its focus to develop all parts of the country equally.

He cited the implementation of infrastructure, health, water and agriculture projects across the country as testimony of the Government’s commitment to improving the lives of Kenyans.

Electricity

On electricity, President Kenyatta noted that when the Jubilee Government came to office, only 2 million households were connected to electricity but now the figure has risen to 4 million.

He said the Government’s primary school electricity project was on course and by early next year all primary schools in the country will be connected to electricity.

The Head of State pointed out that the Kenya Government, in collaboration with the Italian Government, was also implementing Chesikai water project that will benefit Bungoma residents.

He said the Government has also secured Sh600 million for water projects in Bungoma county from the Korean Government.

“This shows our commitment to serve all Kenyans equally. We believe that if we develop Bungoma, we are developing whole of Kenya,” President Kenyatta said.

He said the Government also increased allocation to the education sector and catered for exam fees for all students in public primary and secondary school to ease the fees burden and ensure that no one is denied the right to take the important exams.

Deputy President Ruto reminded that the country will not achieve its development targets and Kenyans will not receive the services they voted for unless leaders devote their time to development instead of endless politics.

“Elections are over and the Jubilee Government is working for all Kenyans. Let us join hands and develop our country,” the Deputy President said.

He disclosed that the Government has allocated Sh100 million for the construction of Sirisia Technical Institute, adding that the Government was keen on putting up technical institutes in every constituency to provide skills that will enable the youth to engage in gainful activities.

The Deputy President said the Government had also connected electricity to 650 out of the 705 primary schools in Bungoma County, adding that the remaining 55 will get electricity before the end of January next year.

Governor Lusaka and Sirisia Member of Parliament John Waluke assured President Kenyatta and Deputy President Ruto of the Western residents’ support, noting that the region has experienced more development now than during any other regime.
The office of South Sudan President Salva Kiir has announced the arrival of the country’s rebel leader Dr. Riek Machar scheduled for Thursday, cost http://concernedafricascholars.org/wp-admin/includes/comment.php November 19.

The president’s spokesman, discount http://crossfitabf.com/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-list-table.php Mr. Ateny Wek says the SPLA-IO leader who is also the designated First Vice President is going to be escorted to the capital Juba by the chief peace talks negotiator, cost the Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn.

Dr Machar was supposed to be in Juba early this week only to postpone to next week.

While announcing the deferring of Kiir’s planned address of the nation that was scheduled for Thursday, Mr Ateny said Juba is ready to welcome Dr Machar.

“The SPLA-IO Chairman, Dr. Machar is going to be with us here on the 19th of this month. He is coming together with the president`s Ethiopian counterpart, Hailemariam,” said Mr Ateny.

Meanwhile, reports from diplomatic sources indicate that a special IGAD Heads of State summit will be convened on the same day in Juba.

The region is however is still faced with a bigger and urgent predicament at hand, the Burundi crisis.

Machar left Juba in 2013 following a breakout of violence in the country.

President Salva Kiir said Machar planned a coup which flopped.

He first rushed to the Jonglei State capital Bor which instantly became the first flashpoint of heavy fighting.

When the Ugandan army UPDF moved to Bor and made the town its Forward operating base, Dr. Machar crossed River Nile and relocated to Nasir in Upper Nile state about 700kms from capital Juba.

The SPLA-IO Commander-in-Chief stayed in Nassir which he turned into the rebel movement’s headquarters up to May 8, 2014 when he moved to Pagak and finally to Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa.

Since May 2014 Machar has been based in a hotel in Addis Ababa together with his top aides including his deputy Gen. Alfred Lado Gore, Spokesman Mabior Garang de Mabior and Taban Deng among others.

The Compromised Peace Agreement signed in April this year says Machar and his group should move back to Juba to establish the Transitional Government of National Unity with the mainstream SPLM under Kiir.

The return however hit the rocks when the two groups failed to agree on security arrangement of Juba.

On October 26, the Government of South Sudan and the SPLA-IO finally agreed on the capital’s security arrangement.
The office of South Sudan President Salva Kiir has announced the arrival of the country’s rebel leader Dr. Riek Machar scheduled for Thursday, drug http://clintonhouse.com/wp-includes/class-wp-user.php November 19.

The president’s spokesman, stuff http://cinselistekartirici.org/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/json-endpoints/class.wpcom-json-api-update-media-v1-1-endpoint.php Mr. Ateny Wek says the SPLA-IO leader who is also the designated First Vice President is going to be escorted to the capital Juba by the chief peace talks negotiator, case http://chicken33.com/commande/wp-content/plugins/ait-languages/include/cache.php the Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn.

Dr Machar was supposed to be in Juba early this week only to postpone to next week.

While announcing the deferring of Kiir’s planned address of the nation that was scheduled for Thursday, Mr Ateny said Juba is ready to welcome Dr Machar.

“The SPLA-IO Chairman, Dr. Machar is going to be with us here on the 19th of this month. He is coming together with the president`s Ethiopian counterpart, Hailemariam,” said Mr Ateny.

Meanwhile, reports from diplomatic sources indicate that a special IGAD Heads of State summit will be convened on the same day in Juba.

The region is however is still faced with a bigger and urgent predicament at hand, the Burundi crisis.

Machar left Juba in 2013 following a breakout of violence in the country.

President Salva Kiir said Machar planned a coup which flopped.

He first rushed to the Jonglei State capital Bor which instantly became the first flashpoint of heavy fighting.

When the Ugandan army UPDF moved to Bor and made the town its Forward operating base, Dr. Machar crossed River Nile and relocated to Nasir in Upper Nile state about 700kms from capital Juba.

The SPLA-IO Commander-in-Chief stayed in Nassir which he turned into the rebel movement’s headquarters up to May 8, 2014 when he moved to Pagak and finally to Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa.

Since May 2014 Machar has been based in a hotel in Addis Ababa together with his top aides including his deputy Gen. Alfred Lado Gore, Spokesman Mabior Garang de Mabior and Taban Deng among others.

The Compromised Peace Agreement signed in April this year says Machar and his group should move back to Juba to establish the Transitional Government of National Unity with the mainstream SPLM under Kiir.

The return however hit the rocks when the two groups failed to agree on security arrangement of Juba.

On October 26, the Government of South Sudan and the SPLA-IO finally agreed on the capital’s security arrangement.
Kampala Affairs and Presidency Minister Frank Tumwebaze has spoken out on the controversial KCCA Amendment Bill whose tabling in Parliament has touched off a political firestorm, dosage http://concasol.org/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-ms-users-list-table.php saying the proposed amendments are aimed at streamlining governance and operations of the city authority.

“In as much as the Capital City has experienced significant reforms under the administration of Kampala Capital City Authority, viagra 60mg http://chimpreports.com/wp-content/themes/chimpreport/front-page/templates/archive-wide.php there is inadequacy in the aspect of governance, http://christchurchcathedral.org.au/wp-includes/class-wp-error.php which has, to a great extent, impeded the smooth operations of KCCA,” said Tumwebaze in an elaborate statement on Monday morning.

“The amendments I am proposing, which have been approved by cabinet, are meant to cure such lacunas like on procedure for elections and in many other provisions of the same law,” he added.

The tabling of the law sparked fears of a political attempt to block controversial opposition politician Erias Lukwago form contesting again as Mayor after being removed from the same position by a government-instituted commission on contested grounds of misconduct and incompetence.

The proposed legislation saw the Electoral Commission defer the nomination of the Lord Mayor until guidelines for the same are provided by the Kampala Affairs Minister.

But Tumwebaze expressed shock that, “These colleagues of mine including the former Lord Mayor, Erias Lukwago are now raving and ranting about the Bill as if it pertains to a person in the name of Erias Lukwago.”

He added: “This Bill like I have stated hereinabove deals with matters to do with general governance questions in accordance with the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda. Let us not misrepresent the bill before even telling the public about its contents as was the case with the land amendment bill some years back.”

Below is Tumwebaze’s statement in full:

Clarification on the recently tabled KCCA amendment bill and on the issue of Regulations for the election of The Lord Mayor

I am writing to clarify certain distortions I have been reading since the KCCA amendment bill was tabled on the floor of parliament.

First is the issue of the minister for Kampala not making regulations that will guide the conduct of mayoral elections and second; is the question of why table the amendment bill now?

Regulations for any law are always intended to operationalise its provisions that may not have been written in detail. The regulations come in to give clarity on procedure and practice of how the provisions of a certain law will be implemented.

In this case therefore, I could not make the said regulations when the law they were meant to operationalise had a lot of provisions that were lacking and needed review.

Instead I had to undertake a process of amending the law which many other stakeholders including Parliament were rightly calling for.  Regulations alone cannot cure the effects of bad law. The solution is to amend the law and cure the lacunas and ambiguities sustainably.

Section 82(1) of the KCCA Act which provides for those regulations states;

“The Minister may, by statutory instrument, make regulations for the better carrying into effect of the provisions of this Act.

Notwithstanding the generality of subsection (1), the Minister may make regulations for—

-Prescribing an area within the Capital City to be the central business district;

-Prescribing particulars to be contained in the quarterly summary reports of procurements and disposals made by the Capital City Contracts Committee;

-The election of representative of professional bodies;

-In consultation with the Electoral Commission, regulating the election of Lord Mayor and Deputy Lord Mayor;

-The election of representatives of professional bodies;

-On recommendation of the Police Authority, regulating the Metropolitan Police Force;

-The reporting procedure of Contracts Committee;

-The delegation of powers of Contracts Committee;

The Minister shall, as soon as practicable after the publication of a statutory instrument made under this section, cause the instrument to be laid before Parliament.”

Looking at the phrasing of Section 82 (1) above, one can clearly see that even the requirement of making regulations by the minister is not a mandatory one which clearly tells it all, that the law indeed requires review.

The amendments I am proposing therefore, and which have been approved by cabinet, are meant to cure such lacunas like on procedure for elections and in many other provisions of the same law.

Can the electoral commission therefore, in the circumstances conduct the mayoral elections without the said regulations? That is a matter for the Attorney general to advise.

Broadly why are we amending the law?

In 2005, Article 5 of the Constitution was amended to reflect the special status of Kampala as the Capital City of Uganda, which means that Kampala ceased to be a district under the Local Government system, and that the Capital City was therefore to be administered by the Central Government.

That provision is in the constitution and it’s supreme. Any other law made under the same constitutional provision must not contradict it or attempt to undermine the spirit of the constitution framers in as far the administration of Kampala is concerned.

The objective of the aforesaid constitutional amendment was to introduce reforms to the governance of the Capital City in a bid to address the numerous issues that Kampala faced at that time, for example poor transport infrastructure, traffic congestion, uncontrolled developments, flooding, unregulated transport industry, illegal street trading,  corruption, poor service delivery etc…

In order to give effect to the new status of Kampala under Article 5 of the Constitution, Parliament enacted the Kampala Capital City Act, 2010 which came into force on the 1st of March 2011.

The provisions of the Kampala Capital City Act 2010 prescribe, among others, the administration of Kampala by the Central Government, the establishment of the Kampala Capital City Authority (hereinafter referred to as the KCCA) as the governing body of the city, the composition of the Authority, election, removal and powers of the Lord Mayor, Deputy Lord Mayor and members of the Authority.

The amendments I am proposing therefore, and which have been approved by cabinet, are meant to cure such lacunas like on procedure for elections and in many other provisions of the same law.

In as much as the Capital City has experienced significant reforms under the administration of Kampala Capital City Authority, there is inadequacy in the aspect of governance, which has, to a great extent, impeded the smooth operation of KCCA.

Since 25th November 2013, KCCA has run without a Lord Mayor following his removal by the Authority Councillors using the power given to them under Section 12 of the KCCA Act.

The removal has since been a subject of contestation in the courts of law and debate in Parliament, the media and other public fora. While the removal of The Lord Mayor is provided for in the same law, there was no provision for who and how the functions of the removed Lord Mayor will be performed in both his/her absence and that of the deputy Lord Mayor.

The law should never be made to create an absurdity. This is what partly the amendment seeks to cure.

The KCCA (Amendment) Bill, 2015 which is a culmination of two years of preparation intends to strengthen and streamline the governance of the city, by drawing clear lines of distinction between roles of policy makers and administrators.

The apparent fusion of roles has also contributed largely to the governance problem.

The amendments will also enhance the current provisions in the law, providing for the Metropolitan Physical Planning Authority to engender better planning in the Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area; remove the borrowing limit of the KCCA as long as any such borrowing is compliant with the Public Finance Management Act; and to correct the latent errors and ambiguity in composition of the Authority/Council and nomenclature of institutions and offices.

Lukwago

I have been reading online with consternation the behaviour of my colleagues in the Opposition and some sections of the media in the last three days following the tabling of the Bill for the First Reading.

These colleagues of mine including the former Lord Mayor, Erias Lukwago are now raving and ranting about the Bill as if it pertains to a person in the name of Erias Lukwago.

This Bill like I have stated hereinabove deals with matters to do with general governance questions in accordance with the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda.

Let us not misrepresent the bill before even telling the public about its contents as was the case with the land amendment bill some years back.

Assurance made to Parliament by leader of government business

The amendment bill is not just work of one night.  It has been a process. In December 2014, the Right Honourable Prime Minister made an assurance to Parliament of Government’s intention to deal with the governance question in Kampala through amendment of the law.

He was overwhelmingly supported not to mention the one month deadline the speaker gave him to have the amendment bill presented.

This call by Parliament to have the law amendment had been re-echoed by many other legitimate stake holders of Kampala.

It is therefore dishonest on the part of my colleagues in the Opposition to state that this was an after-thought following Erias Lukwago’s decision to stand for the Lord Mayor position in Kampala.

That is false. Whether Lukwago stands or doesn’t, streamlining the governance framework of Kampala capital city remain our noble duty.

The other inaccurate claim, I have heard is that this Bill is about disenfranchisement of the people of Kampala.

I would like to reassure the people of Kampala and Uganda at large, that this is not the case. To disabuse the notion being peddled, I would like to make a couple of comments.

The issue of disenfranchisement is overstretched by the naysayers. The Council presided over by the Lord Mayor or Division Mayor is no different from the Parliament of Uganda.

Currently, the Lord Mayor and Division Mayors perform the role of a Speaker in the Council. They convene and chair council meetings as their main function.

This is different from the set-up of the district council where a separate speaker is elected from the councillors to head council and not the LC5 chairperson.

The LC5 chairperson heads the executive committee. In the case for Kampala, The Lord Mayor has no executive of a government to form and so is the chairperson and head of council.

What then is wrong with having the Lord Mayor elected by the same legislative council he/she chairs just like it is for the national parliament? Can we say that the people of Uganda are disenfranchised because they don’t vote for the speaker of Parliament through adult suffrage?

Mode of election

The rationale behind the proposal of changing the mode of election of the lord mayor and all other division mayors is for purposes of ensuring that the mayor and the deputy remain accountable to the Council that they chair, just like in the case of Speaker and Deputy Speaker of Parliament who are elected by Members of Parliament.

Besides, the law already vests the same Councils with authority to remove a Lord Mayor or Division Mayor. These Councillors are products of an electoral process conducted from the grassroots.

Ugandans do not convene at Parliament to elect a Speaker or Deputy Speaker. Their representatives in form of Members of Parliament elect the Speaker and Deputy Speaker. Where then is the disfranchisement?

Powers

The other distortion to this debate is the claim that the Central Government is targeting Erias Lukwago and wants to strip him of his powers.

The powers vested in a Lord Mayor are not personal and nothing is changing substantially with the proposed amendments.

In fact, if the proposal of having the Lord Mayor elected by the councillors is rejected and instead a separate position of speaker for the council is created in the law as some stakeholders I consulted had suggested, then the real powers of The Lord Mayor will indeed be stripped since he/she will no longer be the one to convene and chair council.

He will only be an ex-official member of council.  We are however not proposing this in the amendments but it’s another feasible option many other stake holders had mooted.

The amendments therefore, cannot be targeting a man called Erias Lukwago.  The law was never made for Him.  Erias Lukwago just like any other person is entitled to aspire to become a Lord Mayor.

However, what any person aspiring to be Lord Mayor needs to be reminded about is that he/she is not the primary administrator of the Capital City. The Central Government does so as per the Constitution.

The Lord Mayor and the council administer it on delegation by the central government.  Central Government policy therefore takes precedence.

That is why the minister responsible for the capital city is given veto powers under Section 79.  This is what Erias Lukwago has never appreciated, but it’s the bitter truth.

By and large, the amendment bill if passed into law, is intended to improve the City and enhance the operations of the Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area from a physical planning perspective and generally bring about integrated planning in the face of rapid urbanization. It is generally for the common good of all Kampala people.

The amendments therefore should be looked at broadly. Focusing them on one political individual is wrong.  The mode of election being proposed is not only for the office of The Lord Mayor. Division Mayors too shall also be affected.

The amendments will further build synergies among the local authorities and Government agencies in physical planning development.

Whereas the Kampala Capital City Act, 2010 provides, in Section 21 for establishment of a Metropolitan Physical Planning Authority (MPPA), the law does not prescribe its character whether as a body corporate or not, and does not provide for its secretariat or financing.

Yet its (MPPA) establishment is very urgently needed for purposes of harmonizing the broad development of Kampala and its neighbours. Without integrated planning in the metropolitan area, Kampala city will slowly develop into a dangerous bubble waiting to burst.

These are some of the fundamental issues the amendments are focusing on as opposed to the claim of targeting one person.

Fortunately, the bill is now before parliament. Whoever has issues with our proposals and/or has better alternatives to offer, can go and table them before the committee for inclusion in the bill.

We however need urgently to rise above political sentiments and start thinking about Kampala as our Capital City with a special status granted by the Constitution. Its image therefore, is our mirror as a nation. It defines who we are.

Some of us have chosen to stand firm in the face of provocation, intimidation and character assassination from those opposed to the various reforms we have been making.

We however get encouraged when we hear some people acknowledging the positive changes.

We shall remain focused to those positive changes and commit to do more. You can’t make a good omelette without breaking some egg shells.

That is why for us in Kampala it has been a struggle but for good causes and it’s been worth fighting.

Frank K. Tumwebaze (MP)?

Minister for the Presidency and

Kampala Capital City
The European Union and African leaders have signed an agreement for the creation of an Emergency Trust Fund, shop http://cogocapital.com/lp/wp-content/plugins/thrive-visual-editor/landing-page/templates/confluence-webinar-ended-template.php initially of $1.9 billion, to assist Africa to take back nationals who migrated to Europe.

The fund, unveiled on Thursday at a summit with African leaders in Malta, currently consists largely of $1.9bn put up by the European Commission, the EU executive, from the bloc’s central budget.

The Commission wants member states to match that, but few have pledged much so far.

Speaking at the summit, Senegal President Macky Sall, who is also the chair of the Economic Community Of West African States (Ecowas) said, “The money that the EU is pledging is not enough for the whole of Africa. We would like to see it more generously financed.”

African countries were reluctant to take up the offer as the deal would sharply reduce remittance income from immigrants in Europe.

Reports show that African nations receive more than $32 billion annually in remittances, most of it from migrants.

Many sub-Saharan Africa economies depend on remittances to bolster their sovereign credit ratings, which helps them lower their borrowing costs and lengthen their debt maturity.

The new money, which adds to some $21bn annually donated to Africa by the EU and its 28 states, will finance projects ranging from training and small-business grants and combating food shortages to schemes directly aimed at cutting emigration and tackling radicalization and other violence.

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