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DRC: Hundreds Flee Katanga Violence

Two men displaced by violence in northern Katanga, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), sit beneath the makeshift shelter which is now their home. Photo: UNHCR/B. Sokol

The Ugandan population currently stands at 34.9 million people from 24 million in 2002, approved more about http://chaosoffroad.com/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-ms-sites-list-table.php marking an increase of 10.9 million people in a space of 12 years.

According to provisional national census results released by the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (Ubos) on Tuesday, visit this site officials said the annual growth rate stands at 3.03 percent implying the population would hit a record 35 million in 2015 and 47 million in 2025.

The 2014 Provisional results were released on Tuesday by the Prime Minister Dr Ruhakana Rugunda at Hotel Africana in Kampala.

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The census conducted at the end of August and early September this year, covered 7.3 million households with 34.4 million inhabitants.

UBOS said the population is composed of 16.9 million males and 17.9 million females.

The results also indicate that the current household size is 4.7 which is still similar to the 2002 census results.

Wakiso District has the highest population with 2,007,700 persons, which is an increase of 55 percent from 2002. Kalangala is the least populated with only 53,406 persons.

The latest development implies government will have to invest heavily in transport infrastructure, health and public sector to meet the demands of the growing population.

The central region registered the highest population of 9.6 million, East Uganda followed with 9.1 million while Western region had 8.9 million and Northern region remained least populated with 7.2 million people.

Observers say the results are also critical for government planning ahead of the 2016 general elections.

This means for a candidate to win a presidential election, they need to build a formidable base in the Central and Eastern regions and perform fairly well in other parts of the country.

Launching the results, Prime Minister Dr. Rugunda reiterated Government commitment to support statistical development in the country as we strive to promote accountability and social transformation.

“Population Censuses provide a universal information base for development planning, policy formulation, monitoring, evaluation and decision making,” Rugunda said.

The Premier implored all Government ministries, departments and agencies to use this information wisely in planning and decision making so as to inform the implementation of vision 2040.

The Minister of State for Finance in charge of Planning, Matia Kasaija applauded UBOS for the timely release of the provisional results which he described as credible for planning.

The UNFPA Country Director Esperance Fundira, on behalf of development Partners applauded Government for prioritizing the issue of data which is very vital in planning, pledging to support the next phase of data analysis and dissemination.

The final census results are expected by December 2015.
Deeply concerned about the “catastrophic” humanitarian situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s Katanga province, ampoule http://chat.novaintermed.ro/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/json-endpoints/class.wpcom-json-api-render-endpoint.php the United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR) has urged Congolese authorities and the UN stabilization mission to boost their respective capacities to stem the violence in the long-troubled, symptoms http://cerlalc.org/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-importer/wordpress-importer.php resource-rich area known as “the triangle of death.”

According to UNHCR, violence in the south-eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) province has forced some 400,000 people to flee their homes since the end of 2012, bringing the total number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in the province to nearly 600,000. During the last three months alone, more than 71,000 people have been newly displaced.

In October, UNHCR registered 1,737 incidents in the territories of Kalemie and the so-called “triangle of death” between the towns of Manono, Mitwaba and Pweto in northern Katanga. These included the looting and burning of houses, extortion, torture, forced labour and recruitment into armed groups, as well as sexual violence.

“We fear that this number of incidents could be significantly higher as insecurity and logistical challenges prevent our protection monitors from going to some areas,” added UNHCR spokesperson Karin de Gruijl in Geneva, noting that during the first 10 months of 2014, a total of 15,873 incidents have been reported in Katanga, of which over 88 per cent (or 14,057) took place in these four territories.

Sexual violence remains a serious concern, she said, noting that between January and October, UNHCR protection monitors have helped 1,564 people who survived sexual violence and referred them to medical and other partners for help.

“However, as a result of the lack of access to the areas where survivors live and the fear of many of them to report sexual violence, we understand that many more cases are unreported. Due to a lack of funding and the limited capacity of organizations assisting rape survivors in Katanga, only a limited number of them have access to health care, psychosocial support and legal assistance,” Ms. de Gruijl said.

The conflicts are taking place in the northern part of Katanga, one of the Congo’s richest provinces in natural resources. While there have been long-lasting tensions between the two communities, violence between the Luba (or Bantu) and the Twa (or Pygmy) tribes flared up earlier this year, says UNHCR.

Attacks on Twa communities by the secessionist Mai Mai Bataka Katanga militia and fighting with the army reignited after the Mai Mai group’s leader escaped from prison in the provincial capital Lubumbashi in 2011. This has subjected the civilian population to extreme violence, including mass rape.

UNHCR believes that to stem the violence, there is a need to increase the presence of Congolese civil authorities in the affected areas and to look into peaceful solutions to resolve the conflict between the Luba and the Twa.

 

The rights of minorities and indigenous groups, in particular of the Twa community, should be recognized and protected. At the same time it is important to end impunity and to promote a programme of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration that assists former combatants to return to civilian life.

UNHCR is calling on the UN peace-keeping mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to reinforce its presence and technical capacity in northern Katanga to better protect the civilian population and prevent further human rights violations. Nearly 2.6 million people are internally displaced in the vast African country.

UN Corps 

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