S. Sudan Plans Massive Meningitis Vaccination Campaign


approved geneva;”>The outbreak of the deadly bacterial disease confirmed on April 30 by the Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization is said to have started from Malakal County with the first suspected cases reported on the April 15.

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view geneva;”>Though no cases of the disease spreading to other parts of the state are reported so far, the Ministry says 38 suspected cases mainly people between the age of 18-20 were undergoing treatment at the state referral hospital.

Meningococcal meningitis is an infection of the lining of the brain and the spinal cord. According to doctors, the case fatality ratio despite adequate treatment may be about 5-10 percent and typically, patients die within 18 to 24 hours of the onset of the symptoms.

The disease is transmitted from person to person through droplets of the respiratory or throat secretions. The common symptoms are stiff neck, high fever, confusion, headache and vomiting.

According to the Ministry, National and State Epidemic Task Forces have been reactivated to coordinate the intervention responses, heightened surveillance at facility and community levels as well as case management. The Ministry has also transported drugs and laboratory supplies to Malakal.


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