visit this http://celiac-disease.com/wp-includes/class-wp-http-encoding.php geneva;”>medicine sans-serif;”>Jointly funded and commissioned by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit for Somalia (FSNAU) and the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), the study is the first scientific estimate of the death toll from the food security emergency.
The study released on Thursday indicates that an estimated 4.6 percent of the total population and 10 percent of children under 5 died in Southern and Central Somalia.
Lower Shabelle, Mogadishu, and Bay were hardest hit, with the proportion of children under 5 who died in these areas estimated to be about 18 percent, 17 percent, and 13 percent, respectively.
According to Mark Smulders, Senior Economist for FAO, mortality peaked at about 30,000 excess deaths per month between May and August 2011.
“With the expertise of two renowned institutions, we now have a picture of the true enormity of this human tragedy,’’ he said.
“Lessons drawn from this experience will help the international community, together with the people of the region; build a stronger and more resilient future.”
Chimp analysts say this is the one of the most frightening and largest humanitarian catastrophes in the world in recent history.
Chris Hillbruner, Decision Support Advisor for FEWS NET, noted: “By nature, estimating mortality in emergencies is an imprecise science, but given the quantity and quality of data that were available, we are confident in the strength of the study.”
“It suggests that what occurred in Somalia was one of the worst famines in the last 25 years,” added Hillbruner.
The study covered all of southern and central Somalia, the areas most affected by the 2010-11 drought, subsequent spikes in staple food prices, and constraints on humanitarian access. Mortality among new refugees arriving to camps at Dadaab, Kenya and Dollo Ado, Ethiopia was also assessed.
To capture the full scope of the emergency, the study considered a 28-month time period, from April 2010 to July 2012. However, the mortality estimates relate specifically to October 2010 to April 2012.
The figures are in addition to the 290,000 “baseline” deaths estimated to have occurred in the same area during the same period. That baseline, which includes conflict-related deaths, represents a mortality rate that is twice as high as the sub-Saharan average.
Compared to the 1992 Somalia famine, in which an estimated 220,000 people died over 12 months, the death toll for the recent event was higher. But the earlier famine is considered more severe because a larger percentage of the population died.
Lead authors of the study were Francesco Checchi, an epidemiologist and senior lecturer at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and Courtland Robinson, a demographer and Assistant Professor at the Center for Refugee and Disaster Response at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, Maryland.