Unemployment: A time Bomb In Uganda

website geneva;”>Chimp Reports carried out a few interviews with the youths at the university, erectile some already working and those still searching for the jobs. They gave their opinions of which most of them indicate that there are minimal chances of getting a job these days.

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Pidson Mwesigwa, a fresh graduate from Makerere University said the chances to get jobs keep slimming every day because more scores continue to graduate from universities and other institutions of higher learning and yet jobs are unavailable for them.

According to last year’s business inquiry report by the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS), only 2.9 million jobs were registered for the period 2010/11, up to the close of June 2012.

“So tell me where will the 1 million students fresh from higher institutions of learning get jobs from?” he asked.

Mwesigwa said the current economy of Uganda is not creating jobs instead it is sucking it them out.

“Only 2 million businesses were recorded both in the informal and formal sectors, of which the biggest percentage (79 percent) were informal. In the formal sector, there only 210,511 jobs accounting 21 percent for both male and females while a total of 2,310,260 jobs were recorded in the informal sector.”

He added that many youths find themselves in the informal sector simply as a last resort, after losing their efforts, money and resources.

“Although the Government preaches about job creation, little endeavors are put in place and in the end we all become audience victims of constant preaching,” he said.

“In the terms of regional distribution of businesses, Kampala district registered few numbers accounting for only 17 percent, Central region (Wakiso) 30 percent, Eastern region with 20percent, Northern region 12 percent and the Western region 21 percent. Although the Central region registered the majority employees of 30 percent, it is yet another symbol of unequal distribution of resources which is a setback to jobs creation and acquiring.”

According to government surveys, the total population has grown to 34.5 million with the proportion of females and males being the same at 17.3 million each.


But the number of those (people) who are absolutely poor stood at 9.9 million (56.4 percent) in 1992/93, the number reduced to 7.4million (33.8 percent) in 1999/2000, the number however went up slightly to 9.3million (38.8 percent) in 2002/03 but then it (number) reduced to 8.5million (31 percent) in 2005/06 and now the number has slowed to 7.5million (24.5 percent) in 2009/10.

Innocent Anguyo, a journalist also said with failure of over 275,000 youth getting jobs every year, the prospects of getting jobs in extremely limited (low). He however emphasized that it all depends on how a youth is prepared for the job market.

“He or she needs to acquire practical skills on top of the transcript and this can only be attained through internship and voluntary work. A job will not prepare for you need to prepare for it,” he added.

Kaliika Maria, a student at Makerere University had the same perception like Anguyo. She said the chances are very slim given the odds the qualifications needed for one to get a job are very unrealistic to have all the requirements.

She added that most jobs require one to have either a 5 years working experience or be 30 years and above.

With this kind of Uganda we are in, the youths are left with the option of creating their own jobs. However, the government should also put more effort to support the youth in creating jobs and also provide small loans to them.


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