M23, DRC Review 2009 Agreements That Sparked War

visit this geneva;”>sickness "sans-serif";”>This was at the 13th plenary meeting held on February 6 2013.

In the Report, each Party has stated its opinion regarding the status of implementation of the Agreement, article by article.

Based on these reflections by the Parties, the Facilitator has grouped provisions of the Agreement in three categories to reflect provisions that were fully implemented; provisions that were partially implemented; and provisions that were not well handled.

In total, 23 provisions were either fully (15) or partially (8) implemented, and 12 provisions were either poorly implemented or not handled at all.

The CNDP, which later metamorphosed into M23, had been integrated in the DRC national army, FARDC, following an internationally-brokered peace agreement in 2009 that ended years of war.

However, in April 2012, DRC faced a mutiny with CNDP accusing the government of Kinshasha of violating the terms of the 2009 agreements.

They quickly seized Bunagana border town before assaulting and capturing the provincial town of Goma and Sake among other strategic areas.

The rebels laid down their weapons late last year following a truce brokered by regional leaders under the chairmanship of President Yoweri Museveni.

Based in Bunagana, at the border between Uganda and DRC, the mutineers pulled out of Goma and other towns which had fallen into their hands.

The rebels accuse President Joseph Kabila on not extending social services to Kivu, segregation in the army and low salaries for civil servants.

M23 combatants further fault the DRC government of orchestrating a massacre of their colleagues who were deployed outside Kivu shortly after their integration into the army in 2009.

According to a statement issued by the peace talks facilitator Dr Crispus Kiyonga’s office, it should be stressed that both Parties to the Dialogue view the Peace Agreement of23 March 2009 as still relevant.

“Accordingly, it is recommended that a monitoring and evaluation mechanism be established.”

The Dialogue is being facilitated by Dr. Crispus Kiyonga, Uganda’s Minister of Defence.

The DRC Government Delegation is led by H.E. Raymond Tshibanda, Minister of Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and Francophonie of DRC while M23 is represented by Francois Rucogoza.


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