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FDLR Rebels Attack Rwanda

tadalafil http://clinico.cl/wp-admin/includes/plugin-install.php geneva;”>Based in Gasizi in Eastern DRC near the Border with Rwanda, FDLR combatants shelled Cyanzarwe Sector in Rubavu district at around 4am, according to military sources.

No injuries have so far been reported registered in Rwanda but preliminary reports show the attack sparked a gun battle with RDF in which 4 rebels were shot dead.

The incidents raise fears that fighting in Eastern Congo could spill over to neigbouring countries.

It remains unclear whether FDLR intends to open a fresh war against Rwanda but sources say the rebels have exploited the turbulence in Kivu to destabilize the region.

Official United Nations records show that FDLR is currently seeking to readapt its military capacity following the drying up of external support and in the aftermath of a succession of attacks on its positions and civilian dependents.

Since April 2012, in the light of significant troop shortages, FDLR has consolidated its units into two sectors.

Col. Pacifique Ntawunguka, alias “Omega”, remains the commander of North Kivu and Lieutenant Col. Hamada Habimana has assumed the command of South Kivu. Each of the six FDLR subsectors is constituted of between 250 and 400 soldiers.

It is estimated that the rebels now number between 1,500 and 2,000.

While limited recruitment efforts continue in Uganda, Rwandan refugee populations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo no longer have sufficient young people to reinforce rebel ranks, according to ex-combatants.

Between May and July 2012, the Government of Rwanda alleged that there had been 15 cases of cooperation between the Congolese armed forces and FDLR.

In one case, on 5 June, the Congolese armed forces reportedly provided safe passage to two FDLR companies to infiltrate Rwanda.

It is also feared by Rwanda alleged that the Congolese authorities facilitated a visit by two Belgian nationals, Faustin Murego and Joseph Nzabonimpa, to negotiate an alliance with FDLR to fight against M23 in June 2012.

Congolese intelligence services arrested the two men but released them on 10 July.

The Government of Belgium told the Group that it possessed no information regarding support by the men for FDLR.

Attacks on Rwandan territory comes just a fortnight after Congolese soldiers (FARDC) of the 69th Reconnaissance Battalion, in an “act of aggression and provocation,” entered Rwandan territory on a reconnaissance mission.

The Defence and Military Spokesman of Rwanda Defence Force (RDF), Brig Gen Joseph Nzabamwita told journalists that the local population immediately called RDF deployment in the area, and the FARDC soldiers engaged them in a hostile fire fight.

One of the Congolese was shot dead in the exchange of fire with Rwanda Defence Forces who acted in self-defence.

The incident happened on Rwandan territory in Busasasama Sector, Rusura cell.

The Congolese soldier was found with documents indicating that they were on reconnaissance mission.

They were armed with assault rifles, more than 200 rounds of ammunitions, binoculars, communication equipment, ropes, knives and other military equipment.

The dead body of the Congolese soldier, identified as Corporal Mbanza Numba Bisogolo, was received by Colonel Somo Kakule Evariste of the FARDC who confirmed the identity of the deceased soldier in a handover event in Rusura Cell (the incident site).


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