ADF Rebels’ Strength Hits 1,300

clinic geneva;”>Of these fighters, pharmacy 800 are believed to be highly trained and well-equipped under military commander Hood Lukwago.

The sanctioned individual Jamil Mukulu remains the supreme leader.

According to a United Nations report on rebel activities in Congo released on Wednesday evening,, the Ugandan authorities and ex-combatants confirmed the presence of Mukulu alongside ADF for several months early in 2012.

The Kenyan authorities, however, told the Group that they believed that he was currently based in the United Republic of Tanzania.

UN investigators claim to have independently gathered several examples that support the assertions of the Government of Uganda that ADF collaborates with Al-Shabaab in Somalia.

According to former combatants, ADF trained groups of young people in its camps for several months before sending them to Somalia to fight.

The first of these groups departed the camps in November 2011 after the arrest in Nairobi of the son of Mukulu identified as Bikumbi Hassan Mukulu. Al-Shabaab agents Mustapha Kamau and Jacob Musyoka posted his bail in November 2011.

Several Kenyan intelligence agencies confirmed that those individuals were members of Al-Shabaab and supported Mukulu and his family when in Nairobi.

Uganda authorities have in the past asked DRC to crack down on ADF elements in Kivu.

In a military operation codenamed “Operation Rwenzori” last year, DRC forces were beaten by the rebels who eventually seized considerable caches of heavy equipment from the attackers.

Chimpreports recently quoted security agents linking the rise of murder cases in the country to ADF insurgents.

While UN experts were unable to speak to Hassan after he was eventually recaptured and extradited to Kampala, Ugandan intelligence agents told the Group that he had informed them that several businessmen linked to Al-Shabaab resided in the Eastleigh suburb of Nairobi and worked with his father.

Kenyan intelligence agents said they possessed records of telephone conversations between Mukulu and Al-Shabaab agents residing in Eastleigh.

According to ex-combatants and Ugandan intelligence agents, ADF has strong support networks in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Following their arrest on 30 November 2011, Congolese officials repatriated ADF political cadres Hoods Sempebwa and Habibi Kiwanuka to the United Kingdom. The two play an important role in coordinating Diaspora support networks.

ADF also operates financial support cells at the port of Tanga in the United Republic of Tanzania and in Bujumbura, Kigali and Nairobi.

According to ex-combatants, couriers transport financial resources generated by those cells to ADF by crossing through the Kasindi border post from Uganda to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ADF also generates local revenue through several business arrangements in Beni territory.

According to ex-combatants, local leaders and Ugandan authorities, the rebels profit from taxation on illegal timber production west of Erengeti and several gold mines near Bialose village along the Lesse River.

Nevertheless, ADF has increased its attacks on civilians accused of not respecting business arrangements or providing intelligence to the Congolese authorities.

The extensive recruitment networks of ADF persist throughout Burundi, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. The movement continues to use the Ugandan border town of Bwera as a transit centre for its recruits.

According to ex-combatants and the Ugandan authorities, however, new recruits and political officers visiting the rebels from abroad are increasingly passing through Kigali to Goma and travelling northwards to Beni.

ADF recruits include children, as exemplified by the case of a rebel recruiter who was captured by Ugandan authorities in Kasese with six young boys on his way to the Democratic Republic of the Congo in July 2012.

ADF is increasingly targeting recruits from East Africa. In April 2012, senior ADF leaders gave their Congolese combatants a chance to freely depart the movement.

From 1 January to 30 September 2012, MONUSCO repatriated only nine former ADF members.

110. In the face of potential MONUSCO air strikes Congolese and Ugandan intelligence officers and community leaders informed the Group that ADF had obtained anti-aircraft weapons.

They described the arrival of such weapons in July 2012, requiring six ADF collaborators to transport them from near Oicha westwards towards ADF camps.

Ugandan officials acknowledged to United Nations that a Ugandan armed forces battalion based on Mount Rwenzori regularly entered Congolese territory to conduct reconnaissance operations on ADF positions in Beni territory.

Army spokesperson Felix Kulayigye recently said Uganda armed forces were ready to crush any rebel attack but admitted their presence on the Uganda-Congo border was a “national threat.”


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