Diabetis A Silent Killer


click geneva; font-size: small;”>It is estimated that about 1.5 million Ugandans suffer from diabetes and about 8.2 million people are likely to suffer from diabetes in the country and this is a very drastic rise from only 254 African diabetic subjects who were registered in Mulago Hospital diabetic clinic in 1972.

web geneva; font-size: small;”>This rise can be attributed to life style modifications, smoking, lack of regular exercise, obesity among other factors according to Dr. Nikweri Yofesi of Rubaga hospital.

Diabetes mellitus commonly called diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar due to either because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced.

Thus your blood glucose or sugar levels are persistently too high above the normal range.

Glucose comes from the foods you eat whereas Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose to get into your cells to give them energy and without enough insulin the glucose stays in your blood.

When your pancreas does not make insulin at all you suffer from type 1 diabetes and with type 2 diabetes which is more common your body does not make or use insulin well.

Over time having too much glucose in your blood can cause serious problems.

It can damage your eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Diabetes can also increase the risk of developing heart disease, high blood pressure and stroke.

Diabetes also leads to poor healing of wounds leading to even the need to amputate a limb and also weakens the body’s immune system.

Pregnant women can also get diabetes called gestational diabetes and it may cause them to deliver newborns with an excessive birth weight.

The classic symptoms of untreated diabetes are loss of weight, polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).

Symptoms may develop rapidly in type 1 diabetes while they usually develop much more slowly and may be faint or absent in type 2 diabetes.

A blood test to check amount of glucose in blood can be used show if you have diabetes and incase one experience the above symptoms they should seek medical assistance from duly qualified professional medical personnel.

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that is it is lifelong and cannot be cured except in very specific situations.

Management concentrates on keeping blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible.

Exercise, weight control and healthy eating can help you prevent development of diabetes mainly type 2.

However prescribed medications also exist and these must only be obtained after consultation with a dully qualified physician.

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