side effects http://cmlsociety.org/wp-content/plugins/contact-form-7/admin/edit-contact-form.php geneva; font-size: small;”>Emergency contraception should not be used as a regular birth control method thus other birth control methods should be used and one should contact a family planning clinic or their physicians to decide which method is suitable for them.
Emergency contraception pills contain higher doses of the same hormones found in regular birth control pills which stop pregnancy by keeping the egg from leaving the ovary or keeping the sperm from joining the egg. And it should be highly noted that these pills cannot cause an abortion since they don’t affect a fertilized egg that is they work before pregnancy occurs.
Most commonly used is the progestin-only Emergency Contraceptive Pill. These contain higher levels of the hormone commonly levonogestrel and it must be taken within 72 hours of unprotected sexual intercourse. However those that are combined with estrogen also exist.
You should always take the pill as soon as you can after having unprotected sex and When used correctly emergency contraceptive pills work very well at preventing pregnancy with some research showing they can be 78% to 98% effective. It should be remembered that they don’t offer any protection whatsoever against sexually transmitted infections.
Headache, dizziness, vomiting, lower stomach cramps, irregular bleeding, breast tenderness, and fatigue can occur after taking Emergency Contraceptive Pills.
Emergency contraception pills cause irregular menstrual periods thus your next period may come sooner or later than expected. Your period may also be heavier, lighter, or more spotty than normal and if it doesn’t occur within in 3 weeks after taking the pill you might be pregnant thus a pregnancy test may need to be taken.
In Uganda it is criminal to have sex with a person below 18 years of age and although the emergency contraception pills can be obtained over the counter in many pharmacies they should never be given to persons under the age of 18 years unless otherwise.