this http://cleanenergybiofuels.com/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-ms-sites-list-table.php geneva; font-size: small;”>This news-breaking website has in the past reported a stepped military activity of ADF in Eastern Congo.
In fact we reported Special Forces Col. Keinerugaba Muhoozi had dispatched thousands of battle-hardened fighters to the Congo border with the view of beefing up security.
Now UN says ADF has acquired modern arms and remains a huge threat to stability to the region.
ADF in late 1990s nearly overran western Uganda. The rebels were defeated by late Maj. Gen. James Kazini’s Alpine Brigade, supported by Gen. Salim Saleh’s ‘historical’ commandoes.
The report gives an insight into a possibility of war break-out at the Congo border between Uganda and ADF insurgents. The rebels have been planning to invade and destroy the oil wells.
Below is the verbatim report on ADF.
ADF is a Ugandan Islamist rebel force whose presence has been reported in the Beni territory of North Kivu Province since 1995. According to most ex-combatants interviewed by the UN Group of experts and MONUSCO, the overall objective of ADF is to overthrow the Government of Uganda and to place a Muslim in power.
Two ADF officers who deserted early in 2011 spoke of establishing the Rwenzururu Kingdom in the name of the Supreme Chief of both the Banande (Democratic Republic of the Congo) and Bakonjo (Uganda) tribes, which live near Mount Rwenzori and speak the same language.
For their part, sources within the Ugandan army have argued that the overall objective of ADF extends beyond Uganda and includes all of East Africa.
ADF is a highly secretive organization without a traditional military ranking system, but the Group has confirmed that Jamil Mukulu remains its supreme commander.
According to Ugandan intelligence officers, Mukulu is responsible for the strategic and ideological direction of the rebel group as well as for overseeing extensive financial support networks.
Both FARDC and UPDF sources have indicated that the ADF operational commander on the ground in Congo is David Lukwago, who reportedly uses the aliases “Hook”, “Ashraf” and “Rashid”.
He is supported by intelligence chief Benjamin Kisonkornye. The highest-ranking Congolese commander is named
According to UPDF, Chuchubo has replaced Nadui as the site of the new headquarters of ADF in Beni territory. Mwalika, south of the main road from Beni to Kasindi, remains the location of the principal training centre although some training is now conducted at Nadui.
Taking advantage of the regimentation process, ADF has become increasingly mobile, often changing positions during the course of 2011 and even seeking to make inroads in Ituri, according to FARDC sources.
Currently, ADF is estimated to have approximately 1,000 combatants.
According to UPDF, in 2011 the rebels have recruited more than 200 new combatants in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Burundi and the United Republic of Tanzania.
Ex-combatants and UPDF sources indicate that ADF has significant clandestine support in Uganda that facilitates recruitment.
The Group interviewed four recent ADF recruits from eastern Uganda, where there is more fertile ground among the Muslim population, historically sympathetic to the Ugandan political opposition.
These combatants recounted having been brought by couriers across the border to training camps to join more than 70 other new recruits.
ADF cells in Goma, North Kivu, have also facilitated the travel of new recruits. The Semliki River is a principal conduit for new recruits.
United Nations observers reported that three fishermen had been abducted along the river in July 2011 and had been forced to work on boats for ADF before being released.
The Group has also confirmed sporadic ADF efforts to recruit in Burundi.
The Group interviewed a Burundian child soldier who had been recruited from Bujumbura by a Ugandan imam who had recently arrived to send Muslim young people to DRC to join the rebels.
Burundian intelligence officers informed the Group that on 9 July 2011, they had arrested three men recruiting for ADF in the city of Rumonge, Bururi Province.
UPDF reported to the Group that ADF is also recruiting in the United Republic of Tanzania, as one former combatant who had turned himself over to MONUSCO claimed to be a Tanzanian citizen.
Finally, according to the same sources, ADF is also targeting Somali refugees in Kenya. MONUSCO staff members claimed to have witnessed the arrival of Somalis on trucks in Erengeti in 2010.
According to ex-combatants, during initial training at the Mwalika camp that is often conducted by a Ugandan Muslim commander named Amir, ADF fighters are taught courses on the basic handling of weapons and on English, Arabic and Swahili for four months.
However, after a MONUSCO aerial reconnaissance mission conducted early in 2011, a second mission, conducted in June 2011, observed that Mwalika had been divided into a number of smaller camps.
While previously ADF forced all of its recruits to convert to Islam, it no longer obliges Christian recruits to study the Qur’an. According to ex-combatants, however, Christian commanders are rarely promoted.
Furthermore, ADF has female combatants, as FARDC officers have witnessed in recent battles.
While ADF has had foreign trainers in the past,11 UPDF sources report that there have been no such delegations in 2011. However, local Congolese intelligence agents near Mutwanga reported to the Group that they had obtained information about foreigners near Nzelube who were accompanying an ADF unit.
FARDC had also sighted foreign instructors in the general area of Kamango, only 15 km from the Ugandan border.
Although it was not confirmed in interviews with ex-combatants, Ugandan intelligence sources conveyed to the Group their belief that ADF had received bomb-making training from the Somali rebel group, Al-Shabaab.
UPDF sources also claimed that ADF had collaborated in the 11 July 2010 bombing in Kampala, alongside individuals who have been identified as belonging to the ranks of Al-Shabaab.
The Group was unable to interview those involved in this attack and cannot substantiate these claims.
Arms and ammunition
Armed groups continue to obtain most of their arms, ammunition and uniforms from FARDC. Leakage from FARDC stocks, whether through small-scale barter, larger transactions, abandonment or seizure on the battlefield, is widespread and largely uncontrolled.