South Sudan

South Sudan War Clocks 6 Months


page geneva; font-size: small; line-height: 150%;”>The first war to break in capital Juba, what is ed the national administration seat of South Sudan since getting independence from Sudan on 9th July 2011 started when President Salva Kiir and his then deputy Dr. Riek Machar disagreed in a ruling SPLM party meeting followed by walking out of the latter and alleged attempted arrest, viagra sparking armed clashes between elite presidential guards.

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After the 15th December night`s event, Kiir clad in a full military attire addressed the nation through national Television the next morning of 16th.

He declared the 15th incident as an attempted coup by senior party and government leaders which SPLA foiled and he subsequently declared a man hunt for the alleged plotters.

A day later, a senior SPLA commander Gen. James Koang commanding Jonglei state, became the first to defect from SPLA under Kiir and declared his allegiance to fugitive Machar and declared war against Kiir. Jonglei capital Bor became a theatre of the conflict after capital Juba.

Many senior government officials and SPLM party leaders were arrested on 16th and 17th including the second most wanted man, Pagan Amum, the powerful former Secretary General of SPLM.

Dr. Machar fled to Jonglei and started commanding the war indirectly. A day after Jonglei defection, Upper Nile state also fell when Gen Pater Gadet and his troops defected in State capital Malakal on 18th December, declaring war on SPLA loyal to Kiir.

An estimated 10,000 people were killed in few days in Juba alone when war started, compelling foreign countries to evacuate their nationals from South Sudan.

18th December, Uganda and United States air forces sent Mi 27 and Osprey C22 respectively for a first evacuation mission.

Both planes manned by UPDF and marines came under fierce attack from rebels and several US Marines were seriously injured.

UPDF immediately deployed in capital Juba to protect and defend Juba International Airport and UN installations where many people had taken refuge waiting for evacuation.

With the help of UPDF, thousands of foreign nationals mainly of USA, United Kingdom, Uganda, Kenya and Ethiopia were evacuated by planes from Juba international airport as situation worsened day by day, to Entebbe International airport.

A week and days later, many foreign nationals were still stuck in rebel-held territories without basic human needs like water and food. UPDF directly joined the offensive against the rebels on December 23 in what Ugandan government alleges was a mission to safeguard the country’s democracy and stop a possible genocide.

The regional body, Intergovernmental Authority on Development, quickly called on the two factions to stop the fighting that had killed thousands and displaced hundreds of thousands internally and to neighbouring countries.

Fighting raging on

Fighting continues mainly in Jonglei, Upper Nile and Unity states as government and rebels send representatives to Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa for a dialogue. Peace agreements were signed including the Cessation of Hostilities but none was respected.

The slow space of peaceful dialogue made the US secretary of state John Kerry and UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon travel to the war-torn nation to convince Machar and Kiir to a face to face talk with the view of bringing an end to the violence that has claimed over 30,000 lives, displaced 1.3 million people internally and 360,000 to neighbouring countries.

On May 9, the two key principles, Kiir and Machar met for the first time in Addis Ababa where they personally participated in signing of another agreement mediated by Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn to allow free access of humanitarian assistance to areas under their control.

On Tuesday of 10th June, the two met again in presence of Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni where they agreed to form an Inclusive Transitional Government in within 60 days.


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