Gov’t Revises Wildlife Policy


physician sans-serif; line-height: 200%; font-size: small;”>While addressing journalists at the Uganda Media Centre, the Minister of Information and National Guidance, Rose Namayanja, noted that the review aims at harmonizing WP with related instruments like the National Environment Policy and the Wetland Policy and the Constitution, to enhance synergies.

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“Following consultations with key stakeholders like the academia, tour operators, civil society, communities in conservation areas and local leaders, Government has now adopted adjustments to the WP, to incorporate new aspects,” Namayanja remarked.

The Constitution of the Republic of Uganda 1995 (as amended) under National Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy XIII, obligates the State to protect important natural resources, including land, water, wetlands, minerals, oil, fauna and flora on behalf of the people of Uganda.

Article 237(2) of the Constitution shall hold in trust for the people and protect natural lakes, rivers, wetlands, forest reserves, game reserves, national parks and any land to be reserved for ecological and touristic purposes for the common good of citizens.

Parliament enacted Uganda Wildlife Statute (Now codified as Cap 200 under laws of Uganda) in 1996.

Other legislations and policies that relate to wildlife conservation have come into being include, the Oil and Gas Policy and laws, the Land Use Policy and Laws, the National Vision 2040, the National Development Plan among others.

The National Development Plan under section 5.3.3 (279) strategy 2, Intervention provides for revision of the Uganda Wildlife Act to refocus wildlife conservation to respond to current realities in the sector.

The Oil and Gas Policy, 2008 under section (g) requires the Ministry responsible for tourism and wildlife to harmonize tourism and wildlife Policies with Oil and Gas Policy. Section 186 of the Petroleum (exploration, Development and Production) Act of 2013 provides for supremacy of that Act over other relevant laws.

The Land Use Policy of 2007 under section 3(15) (a) calls for review and updating of wildlife conservation policies and laws to ensure guided land utilization especially of Protected Areas.

Section 3(17) (a) of the same land use policy calls for effective management of wildlife outside Protected Areas.

In addition, since the enactment of the Act, several emerging issues that affect wildlife conservation have come up including the exploration and yet to start production activities, escalating human wildlife conflicts, escalating levels of illicit wildlife trade and trafficking, institutional changes among other.

The lapse of time has rendered the offences and penalties under the Wildlife Act ineffective; especially in dealing with illicit wildlife trade, trafficking and poaching among other wildlife related crimes.

There’s need for a new approach to conservation of wildlife through effectively mitigating human wildlife conflicts, promoting sustainable utilization of wildlife for National Economic Development, increasing wildlife management efficiency and effectiveness, securing the wildlife conservation in Uganda.

Review of the Wildlife Act to clearly redirect the sector in that direction will result enhanced conservation of Uganda’s wildlife heritage ad associated tourism development in Uganda.

Statement on Cabinet decisions:

In 1994, the Uganda’s Wildlife Policy was formed and to be interrelated with instruments like the National Environment Policy and the Wetland Policy and the Constitution, to enhance synergies.

Consultations with the academia, tour operators, civil society, communities in conservation areas and local leaders were done.

Adjustments to the WP, to incorporate new aspects include;

(a) To provide for incentives that support private sector to invest more in wildlife development in Uganda.

(b) To guarantee safety for tourists by enhancing security in in national parks and game reserves, under the expanded anti-terror surveillance in Uganda.

(c) To increase resource allocation to the tourism sector, specifically for extending and improving infrastructure to, within and around tourism sites.

This will enhance competitiveness of Uganda’s tourism industry within and beyond the region.

(d) To reconcile the needs for wildlife conservation and human beings, particularly in areas that have been affected by insurgency and civil strife.

(e) To ensure that any infrastructural development within and around wildlife conservation areas does not compromise the support eco-systems for flora and fauna in the respective areas.

(f) Demands for land in national parks will not be allowed


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