South Sudan

S.Sudan Tribal Clashes: UNMISS Bases In Crisis

pill sans-serif; font-size: small; line-height: 200%;”>The mission has now embarked on a campaign to mobilise and coordinate effective and principled humanitarian action in partnership with national and international actors as an intervention to the hundreds of fleeing refugees who continue to crowd in the UN bases.

cheapest sans-serif;”>OCHA Report on South Sudan Crisis:

this sans-serif;”>This update is produced by OCHA South Sudan in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from December 20-21, 2013.


? Increasing numbers of people seek refuge in UN peacekeeping (UNMISS) bases in South Sudan, or move to other places of relative safety in South Sudan as clashes continue in several states.

? Registration of the people displaced in the two main UNMISS bases in Juba will begin on December 22.

? Aid agencies are providing healthcare and water and sanitation assistance to displaced people, and are preparing to begin distributions of shelter supplies, household items and basic food assistance on December 22.

? Since December 15, five of South Sudan’s ten states have been affected by armed violence. Looting of humanitarian compounds has been reported in Jonglei and Unity states.

? 20,000 displaced people have reportedly arrived in different locations in Awerial County, Lakes State, following violence in Jonglei.

Situation overview

On December 20-21, the security situation remained stable but tense in Juba.

It is estimated that at least 20,000 people are sheltering at the two main UNMISS bases in town.

During assessments in different neighbourhoods of Juba, protection agencies found several areas deserted, and witnessed looting.

During assessments in eleven different locations in Juba, aid agencies have not found any concentrations of people displaced by violence outside

the UNMISS bases, though it is known that thousands sought refuge in several churches during the height of the 62,000

Due to the ongoing crisis, the UN has decided to relocate non-essential staff based in Juba out of the country.

December 20-21, violence worsened in Jonglei, with continued fighting in Bor, Gumuruk, and Likuangole.

On December 20, the UNMISS base in Akobo was attacked by armed youth. Two peacekeepers were killed and one wounded.

The mission estimates that at least 11 civilians who had been sheltering at the base were also killed in the attack.

The number could be higher. In Bor, around 15,000 people are sheltering at the UNMISS base.

Humanitarian agencies are confined to the UNMISS base, due to the ongoing insecurity, and have no access to civilians who may be displaced or otherwise affected outside the base.

On December 19-21, the majority of aid workers and civilian UNMISS staff staying at the base in Bor, some 250 people, were evacuated.

An estimated 2,000 people are sheltering in the UNMISS base in Pibor town.

Local authorities in Lakes State report that 20,000 people have arrived in Awerial County following the Jonglei violence. People have reportedly also been displaced in Terekeka, Central Equatoria State.

In total, there are reports that close to 62,000 people have been displaced in the violence, including some 42,000 in UN bases.

Looting of humanitarian compounds has been reported in Jonglei (Akobo and Bor) and Unity (Koch County).

Several UN and NGO compounds in Bor town have reportedly been completely looted, including vehicles stolen.

The security situation deteriorated in Unity State, with armed violence reported in Bentiu and Pariang.

An estimated 5,000 people have sought shelter with UNMISS in Bentiu.

Fighting has also been reported in the following locations in Central Equatoria State: Terekeka, Mangala and Mogeri.

Protection of civilians is a major concern in all areas affected by the fighting. Reports of people being targeted based on ethnicity in different parts of the country are particularly troubling.

Furthermore issues of lack of command and control of various armed groups are a serious concern.

Conditions for people sheltering at UNMISS bases are challenging. UNMISS has been providing life-saving assistance in line with its protection of civilians mandate, including clean water and emergency healthcare.

In Juba, following assessments on 19 December, aid organizations are supporting the ongoing response to displaced people’s needs in the UNMISS bases.

Humanitarian response

On December 19-20, inter-agency teams carried out needs assessments in the displaced people’s sites in the two UNMISS bases in Juba and in Juba Teaching Hospital.

Protection teams also visited eight of the neighbourhoods worst affected by the fighting. The findings below are based on these assessments.

The situation for civilians at the UN base in Bor is very challenging. Reports on needs and response in other parts of the country will be included in future updates as agencies get a better understanding of the situation.

Site Management


? There is a need to provide site planning support to improve overall living conditions in UNMISS bases.

? Building on existing leadership structures in the sites, more structured site committees are needed to ensure representation of displaced communities, help manage provision of assistance and share information between the communities, UNMISS and humanitarian partners.


? Registration of displaced people is scheduled to begin on December 22, in UNMISS Tomping. Enumerators have been trained.

Registration in UN House is planned to take place in the coming days.

? Aid agencies are identifying camp managers for the two sites, to support UNMISS in managing the response to displaced people…


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