M23 Rebels: France Torchbearer Of DRC War

General Makenga sultani the Military

viagra 40mg geneva; font-size: small; line-height: 200%;”>In a letter to United Nations Security Council Secretary General, this Ban Ki Moon, M23 leader, Bertrand Bisiimwa said France’s involvement would plunge the nation into another round of bloodshed.

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Hervé Ladsous was France’s Deputy Permanent Representative at the UN in 1994 during the Rwanda genocide.

The French government also supported the Hutu government of Juvenal Habyarimana during the mass slaughter of one million Tutsis.

When the Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) toppled the genocidal regime in 1994, France unsuccessfully attempted to send in commandos to reverse the rebels’ success.

France is also home to senior figures who served in Habyarimana’s government and are believed to be funding the DRC-based FDLR militia which draws its fighters and leadership from perpetrators of the 1994 bloodbath.

In recent weeks, the UN intervention Brigade has deployed the FDLR, whom they are mandated to fight, to battle M23 rebels.


Outraged by these developments on the battlefield, Bisiimwa recently wrote to United Nations and leaders of the Great Lakes region, saying

“This war initiative of which the Republic of France has become the torchbearer is being directed against our Movement on three dimensions.

“On the military front by attacks from the Intervention Brigade, through the media by unfounded and biased news reports and fabrications by MONUSCO and on the diplomatic front through negative resolutions presented by France for adoption by the United Nations Security Council in order to reinforce the military option as the means of resolving the ongoing conflicts in the Great Lakes Region in general and in the Democratic Republic of Congo in particular.”

According to a letter dated September 30, which Chimpreports has seen, Bisiimwa “denounced the initiative of war which the Department of Peacekeeping is committed to pursue against our Movement.”

He further noted that the Department of Peacekeeping Operations in the United Nations has demonstrated lack of impartiality with regard to the analysis of information originating as a result of the fighting between the forces of our Movement and those of the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo together with their principal allies the FDLR.

“This combined force of FARDC and FDLR is unfortunately supported by MONUSCO. According to information at our disposal the Department of Peacekeeping Operations is placing responsibility for the bombing of Rwandan territory as well as the towns of Goma and Gisenyi on our Movement,” he added.

He described the allegations as “unfounded and simplistic because they contradict the realities on the ground.

Bisiimwa elaborated that “It is simply not possible that the shelling came from our positions because the threat faced by our forces was in the opposite direction of the targets hit which targets were behind our frontline.”

“Taking into consideration the geographical location of our positions, it was not possible for our forces to have hit the targets in question. Contrary to the allegations by the DRC Government and Department of Peacekeeping Operations, long range artillery namely T55, 122mm, 107mm, rocket shooters (ballistic missiles) and mortars 120 in the possession of the DRC, added Bisiimwa.

Rwanda has since warned DRC against cross border shelling and also deployed heavy artillery along its border with the vast and war-torn country.

FARDC troops being deployed in Goma

Bisiimwa said the DRC government and the UN Brigade and located in Mudja, Mugunga, Kibwe and Munige could easily target into Rwandan territory considering the direction in which they were pointed.

“Ballistic investigations on the trajectory of the shelling and determination of the weapons used can easily indicate the origin of the shells and the location of the shooters,” he added.

The UN alleged that M23 rebels bombed Rwanda to provoke Kigali to join the conflict.

Bisiimwa said there were multiple maneuvers by the DRC Government to coarse MONUSCO to get involved in the fighting.

“We refer to the manipulation of a section of the civilian population of the city of Goma which was followed by turmoil on the streets on of July 18 and August 24. This unrest gave MONUSCO the opportunity to intervene on the side of the DRC Government. The strategy adopted by the DRC Government of creating civil unrest was not sufficient enough hence the Government reignited the war by bombing some quarters in Goma on August 22nd 2013,” added Bisiimwa.

He said the haste with which DRC Government leaders in particular the Governor of North Kivu Province sought out, through the media, an outcome from the manipulations as a basis for intervention by MONUSCO against M23, is a clear indicator of a planned strategy.

“The allegations made by MONUSCO and the Department of Peace Keeping Operations are not credible as both are active participants in the conflict on the side of the DRC Government against our forces and therefore cannot be expected to implicate themselves . Instead they are working towards absolving themselves of all responsibility for their actions.’

The Movement also called for an Independent Investigations Commission to determine the responsibility for the bombing of the city of Goma,Gisenyi in the District of Rubavu as well as Katale, Rumangabo and other places.

“To establish the truth and the responsibilities for those bombings, an Independent Investigations Commission is highly needed. When initiated by the UN Security Council and chaired by the ICGLR appointed experts as they host the dialogue between the DRC Government and the M23, this Commission should include experts from the African Union,” added Bisiimwa.

The Movement’s President further said in anticipation of the creation of an Independent Investigations Commission and in order to create a stable atmosphere to facilitate the work of the Commission as well as to find a political solution to the crisis, they have ordered a unilateral cease-fire on all the frontlines.

He requested the DRC Government to resume negotiations to find a political solution to the crisis. “Our troops remain free to use their right to re-take control of the positions assigned to us by the November 24th 2012 ICGLR member countries Heads of State Statement, in the event that the DRC Government maintains the option of war in lieu of the Kampala dialogue. “


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