Special Reports

DRC Deploys Tanks Along M23 Frontier

pharmacy geneva; font-size: small; line-height: 115%;”>M23 sources told Chimpreports on Thursday morning that DRC had stationed troops on several fronts especially in Mabenga up to Butembo.

information pills http://crazytour.am/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/circle.php geneva;”>“They have also opened another front from Tongo to Giseguro with intentions to attack our territory,” said a source.

“Our intelligence shows that FARDC (DRC national army) is preparing to attack our bases. Remember Kinshasa also maintains an FDLR (Rwanda rebel group) battalion deployed in Muja. All they are waiting for is an order from above.”

The developments come against the backdrop of DRC army spokesman Col. Olivier Amuli’s interview with Radio France International in which he said FARDC has finalized all preparations to attack M23.

“What is left is just an order from President Kabila,” said Amuli.

M23 publicist, Rene Abandi, was not readily available for comment.

But he recently told this website that Kabila is more inclined to the military option than seeking a political solution to the crisis that has led to thousands of DRC nationals condemned to refugee camps in neighbouring Rwanda and Uganda.

On Monday, South Africa deployed more troops in Goma to reinforce the Tanzania contingent that will form the UN Intervention Brigade expected to combat M23 rebels. Malawi is expected to dispatch its troops to DRC before the end of May.

Meanwhile, M23 officials say they have as well been prepping for this attack. Sources say the Movement has in recent months intensified military drills, recruitment of fighters and intelligence gathering operations.

They further add that the rebel group would this time not hesitate to recapture the strategic provincial town of Goma should DRC continue with plans to attack their positions.

The rebel movement accuses Kinshasa of refusing to sign a cease-fire agreement following the resumption of fighting in May.

“President Joseph Kabila is ready to continue his offensive to counteract the Movement. We have envoys in Kampala and we expected DRC to sign this cease-fire agreement. But Kinshasha is not interested,” said a source.

In November 2012, M23 routed government forces that were supported by MONUSCO peacekeepers to capture Goma.

They later withdrew in exchange for negotiations with Kinshasha in Kampala.

Since then, the promised negotiations stalled and Kinshasa refused to sign a cease-fire.

M23 opted to declare a unilateral ceasefire on February 8, 2013.

This move was seen by some as a sign of weakness, while others saw it as a commitment to the peace process in Kampala.

M23’s demands

M23 revolted in 2012, accusing Kabila of rigging the 2011 Presidential elections, human rights abuses, discrimination and corruption in the army and planned massacre of CNDP soldiers who had been integrated in FARDC.

Since the opening of the peace talks in Kampala, the rebels have been calling for the release of political prisoners affiliated to the rebel group, declaring Kivu a disaster area and formally recognizing the ranks of the military and police on the basis of M23 OB (Order of Battle) presented by the movement.

The rebels also want Kabila to organize, “without delay, provincial, urban and municipal elections and local throughout the territory of the Republic, in accordance with section 1 of Law No. 06/006 09 March 2006 on the organization of elections in the DRC.”

The demands are contained in M23’s proposed draft peace agreement presented to Dr Crispus Kiyonga, the mediator of peace talks in Kampala.

M23 also want the DRC Government to show commitment to creating a special structure for national reconciliation and should “enjoy financial and administrative autonomy and placed under the authority of the President and supported by the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for the Great Lakes Region.”

The rebels further ask Kabila to apply the provisions of Article 175 of the Constitution relating to the withholding of 40 percent of revenues from the public treasury, and within 45 days to enact a law establishing the classification of tax revenues and their allocation.

Because of recurring wars that led to the destruction of infrastructure, socio-economic fabric, fracture social cohesion and the absence of any prospect of development due to deficiency of a lasting peace and security in recent decades in the east of the Republic, the M23 wants government to undertake to declare the eastern part of the DRC (North Kivu, South Kivu, Ituri, Haut-Ouele, Maniema and Tanganyika) as a “disaster area.”

The rebels say the declared “disaster area” should enjoy a special administrative status; unique special development plan; broad fiscal and financial autonomy and specified operational concept for its security.

It further says DRC must facilitate the integration of policy frameworks of M23 and those considered as such and government should involve leaders of the movement in the management of national institutions through government centers, diplomacy/ Chancelleries, public enterprises, provinces and general Staff.


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