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World Bank To Manage Water Resources In Changing Climate

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cheapest http://cultnews.com/wp-admin/includes/ms-admin-filters.php geneva;”>Being the one of the key providers of knowledge and technical assistance on water, viagra dosage World Bank is currently defining a strategic vision for water that builds on the directions outlined in the World Bank 2003 Water Strategy and its 2010 mid-cycle review.

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World Bank is the largest multilateral donor for water development with a water portfolio accounting for 15 percent of its overall portfolio.


Water, one of the most basic human needs has impact on agriculture, education, energy, health, gender equity, and livelihood, water management underlies the most basic development challenges.


Water is under unprecedented pressures as growing populations and economies demand more of it. Groundwater is being depleted faster than it is being replenished and worsening water quality degrades the environment and adds to costs.


However, access to safe sanitation and water is still out of reach for 2.5 billion and 780 million people, respectively, leading to thousands of lives lost daily and billions of dollars in economic losses annually, up to 7 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) in some countries. According to World Bank report, these statistics are expected to worsen because of climate change.


“There is ample evidence that climate change will increase hydrologic variability, resulting in extreme weather events such as droughts floods, and major storms. It will continue to have a profound impact on economies, health, lives, and livelihoods. The poorest people will suffer most and are the least prepared,” indicates the report.


Within this changing physical and socio-economic landscape, water practices of the past are no longer adequate. Countries cannot grow, nor can the world meet longer-term sustainability goals, or strengthen resilience to climate change without smart water management that takes into account decreasing water availability, quality and allocation.


As the water challenges continue, food will be amongst the greatest hurdles. “Food is by far the largest user of water, accounting for almost 70 percent of global withdrawals, 90 percent of global consumptive water use, and up to 95 percent of the withdrawals in developing countries. By 2050, feeding a planet of 9 billion people will require a doubling of current water inputs to agriculture,” states the report.


Therefore, that’s why the World Bank is currently developing a new vision for water that strengthens the water practice to deliver on the bold leadership aspirations and meet changing client need.


The vision places water at the center of helping people, economies and ecosystems thrive and thus contributing to a world free of poverty.


With this vision the bank will strengthen efforts to address climate variability in Bank-financed projects through improved storage, flood control, and emergency response preparedness.


It will devote more resources to exploring and strengthening the linkages between water and other sectors such as energy, agriculture and the environment and to ensuring that water considerations are included in country sectoral planning.


The Bank will also ensure that the food security agenda considers irrigation and work with clients to improve water efficiency of existing irrigation schemes.

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