Special Reports

Peace Talks: M23 Delegation Arrives In Kampala


cialis 40mg clinic http://ccalliance.org/wp-admin/includes/ms-admin-filters.php geneva;”>Diana Sempebwa Katabarwa, http://closdescapucins.fr/wp-content/themes/twentytwelve/page-templates/full-width.php a member of the M23 publicity committee, http://ctabuenosaires.org.ar/wp-includes/class-wp-tax-query.php told Chimpreports on Sunday the Movement’s delegation is being led by Rene Abandi.

The resumption of the Kampala peace talks could breathe new life into regional efforts aimed at finding a homegrown and long-lasting political solution to the DRC crisis.

And the return of the rebels’ to Kampala will pose a fresh challenge to DRC government’s commitment to a peaceful solution to the humanitarian and security crisis that has left hundreds dead and thousands condemned to deplorable refugee camps in neighbouring Uganda and Rwanda.

Clashes between the Government and rebels displaced more than 130,000 people in and around the city of Goma and sent another 47,000 fleeing to neighbouring South Kivu province.

Chimpreports recently broke the news that the M23 Movement had agreed with the facilitator (Uganda Defence Minister Crispus Kiyonga) to resume the negotiations in Kampala starting June 9.

A little more than two weeks ago, fighting again broke out in Goma between the FARDC and M23, but the hostilities ebbed somewhat ahead of an unprecedented visit to the region by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, World Bank President Jim Yong Kim, along with Mrs. Robinson.

The three visited the DRC, Rwanda, Uganda and other concerned countries to bolster support for the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Region, or as Mrs. Robinson describes it, a “framework for hope.”

The rebels accused DRC of sending troops to attack their positions in Kanyarucinya, Eastern Congo in May and reneging on its commitment to the Kampala peace talks.

Critics say DRC President Joseph Kabila probably hoped that by starting war the UN intervention Brigade stationed in Goma would be compelled to join in.

The rebels accused Kabila of joining forces with Rwanda rebel group FDLR, to plunge the nation back into bloodshed.

The temporally fighting was a product of the collapse of peace talks between the two antagonistic camps in Kampala.

M23 expressed shock that while they requested Kabila for talks, “instead we are being bombed; M23 boys are outraged.”

The rebels later announced a ceasefire to allow the visit of UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon to Goma.

The Movement’s leader Bertrand Bisimwa recently said the decision to pursue peace talks is premised on the recommendation of Special UN Envoy for the Great Lakes region, Mary Robinson, who called for a political solution and peaceful dialogue to solve the conflicts in Eastern Congo.

He further quoted Ban Ki-moon as saying, “I understood the M23 Movement motivations; this Movement does not deserve to be crushed by the UN brigade.”

Bisiimwa said Ban “wishes that durable peace results from the dialogue between M23 and the DRC government,” adding, “the Addis-Ababa framework agreement referred to the M23 claims and that the international community gave prevalence to a political solution to end the M23 tragedy.”

The M23 had captured Goma last year but pulled out due to international pressure and intervention of leaders in the Great Lakes region.

The DRC army faced a mutiny last year in April, with M23 accusing Kabila of gross human rights abuses, rigging the Presidential election and massive segregation and entrenched corruption in the army.

To lay down their tools, M23 asked Kabila to release all political prisoners affiliated to the rebel group; declare Kivu a disaster area and formally recognize the ranks of the military and police on the basis of M23 OB (Order of Battle) presented by the movement.

UN backs peace talks

Meanwhile, welcoming the possible resumption of peace talks, the United Nations Special Envoy for Africa’s Great Lakes region has urged both sides to engage in earnest discussion to resolve all outstanding issues.

Mary Robinson, in a statement issued by her Office on Friday night, urged both sides to engage in earnest in their discussions in order to resolve all outstanding issues in the negotiations and to move toward the normalization of the situation in the eastern DRC.

“The Special Envoy underscored the importance of political efforts to achieve peace and security for the people the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and the region,” it added.

The Security Council in March authorized the deployment of an intervention brigade within MONUSCO to carry out targeted offensive operations, with or without the Congolese national army, against armed groups that threaten peace in eastern DRC.

A contingent of Tanzanian soldiers arrived Goma last month as part of the brigade.

Tensions have been heightened in the region recently as the M23 publicly decried the deployment of the intervention brigade.

The UN-brokered accord, signed in February by 11 African leaders, aims to end the cycles of conflict and violence in eastern DRC and to build peace in the wider region.

Mrs. Robinson also travelled to the region in late April and early May to push for implementation of the framework.

On 21 May, she proposed a set of principles for peace, which seek to guide immediate efforts to tackle the crisis in the region, while maintaining a focus on long-term solutions.

They recognize the importance of ending the suffering of the mostly women and children who have been displaced by the violence, and call for the acceleration of the voluntary return of all refugees in the region.

They also call for the demobilization of all armed groups active in eastern DRC, and urge all parties to comply with all their obligations under international law.


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